Реферат: Morisot, Berthe

Morisot, Berthe (b. Jan. 14, 1841, Bourges, Fr.--d. March 2, 1895, Paris)

Frenchpainter and printmaker. The first woman to join the circle of the Frenchimpressionist painters, she exhibited in all but one of their shows, and,despite the protests of friends and family, continued to participate in theirstruggle for recognition.

Born intoa family of wealth and culture, Morisot received the conventional lessons indrawing and painting. She went firmly against convention, however, in choosingto take these pursuits seriously and make them her life's work. Having studiedfor a time under Camille Corot, she later began her long friendship withEdouard Manet, who became her brother-in-law in 1874 and was the most importantsingle influence on the development of her style. Unlike most of the otherimpressionists, who were then intensely engaged in optical experiments withcolor, Morisot and Manet agreed on a more conservative approach, confiningtheir use of color to a naturalistic framework. Morisot, however, did encourageManet to adopt the impressionists' high-keyed palette and to abandon the use ofblack. Her own carefully composed, brightly hued canvases are often studies ofwomen, either out-of-doors or in domestic settings. Morisot and American artistMary Cassatt are generally considered the most important women painters of thelater 19th century.

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