Реферат: British theatres
Until recently the history of the English theatre has been buildaround actors rather then companies. It has been hard to find any Londontheatre that even had a consistent policy. There are no permanent staff inBritish theatres. Apply is rehearsed for a few weeks by a company of actorsworking together mostly for the first time and it is allowed to run as long asit draws the odious and pays it's way.
Another peculiarity of the theatres in Great Britain is an follows:there are two kinds of seats, which can be booked an advanced (bookable), andunbookable once have no numbers and the spectators occupy them on theprincipal: first come — first served. And ancient times plays were acted insidechurches and later on the market places.
The first theatre in England «The Blackfries» build in1576, and «The Globe» build in 1599, which is closely connected withWilliam Shakespeare. Speaking about our times we should first of all mention«The English National theatre», «The Royal Shakespearecompany» and «Covent Garden».
«Covent Garden» used to be a fashionable promenade — itwas, before then, a convent garden — but when it became overrun with flower-sellers,orange-vendors and vegetable width=100%-growers, the people moved to moreexclusive surroundings farther west, such as «St. Jame's Square».
The first «Covent Garden theatre» was build in 1732. Itwas burnt down in 1808 and rebuild exactly a year after. It opened in September1809, with hakespeare's «Macbeth». Since the middle of the lastcentury «Covent Garden» became exclusively devoted to opera.
Now «Covent Garden» in busier than ever, it is one of thefew well-known opera houses open for 11 months of the year and it employs over600 people both of the Opera company and the Royal Ballet.
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