Реферат: Australia

The Great Barrier Reef on the coast of Queensland is a garden underthe sea. There are 1,400 different kinds of fish, and more than 300 kinds ofcoral. Tropical fruit and flowers grow on the beautiful islands. It’s notsurprising that more holiday-makers come to Queensland every year.

Tasmania, the island south of Australia, is small. It’s the samesize as England. It is also very different from the other states. There are nodeserts in Tasmania. It often rains, both in winter and summer. Only ahalf of million people live in Tasmania, and a large part of the island isstill covered with wild, beautiful wild forests. These forests are full ofwonderful flowers and interesting animals.

In the Northern Territory you will find the red heart of Australia.And it really is red, with red rocks, red sand, and red skies in the evening.Every year, thousands of tourists visit Ayers Rock and a strange group of hugered stones called “the Olgas”. But these places are also holy to theAboriginals. They believe that the land itself has life.

Sydney is the best known place in New South Wales. In fact, it’s thebest known place in Australia. But New South Wales has more than cities. Thereare, for example, the Blue Mountains. They are covered with forests of bluecolored eucalyptus trees. The air above the forest contains millions ofmicroscopic drops of eucalyptus oil. When the sun shines, the air of the BlueMountains is a real, beautiful blue.

Lessthan a hundred years ago, there was nothing except sheep in Canberra. But thenAustralians decided to build a capital city… The work began in 1913. Now,Canberra is an international city, full of diplomats and government offices.It’s beautiful place, with parks, lakes, big open streets and fine buildings.

Australiais sometimes called “the lucky country”. One reason is the wonderful richesunder the earth: gold, silver, iron, coal and many precious metals. The BassStrait, of the coast of Victoria, has been one of the country’s biggest oilfields for many years.

SouthAustralia is the driest of all the states, but it does have Murrey River. Theriver brings greenness and life to the south-east corner. In the early of theAustralian history, the Murrey River was South Australia’s main road. Beforereal roads and railways came, the river carried people and goods from the eastup into the country. Some towns on the Murrey still keep the old river boats,and visitors can ride on them.

Thereare two kinds of gold in Western Australia. First, there’s real kind – the kindthat comes out of the ground. Gold was found in Kalgoorlie in1893, and the“Golden Mile” was for a time the most expensive piece of land in the world.Kalgorlie still exports some gold, but new gold of Western Australia is wheat.Big farms grow millions of tones of wheat every year, and wheat has becomeAustralia’s second biggest export.

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