Реферат: Peter the Great

Peter 1, or Peter the Great was one of the most outstanding rulers andreformers in Russian lustory. He was Tsar of Russia and became Emperor in 1721.First he ruled together with his brother, Ivan, and his sister, Sofya.

In 1696 he became a sole ruler. He was a healthy, lively and cleverchild. He loved miEtary games and enjoyed carpentry, blacksmithing andprinting. At the age of 17 he was married. Peter I is famous for drawing Russiafurther to the Cast.

He also transferred the capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg. Petertravelled much in Western Europe amd tried to carry western customs and habitsto Russia. He  introduced western technology.

He completely changed the Russian government and military system: heincreased the power of the monarch and reduced the power of the boyars and thechurch. In foreign policy. Peter I waged a war with Turkey ( 1695-1696) and theGreat Nothern War with Sweden ( 1700-1721), and a war with Persia (1722-1723).In these wars, he wanted to get access to the Baltic, Black Sea and the CaspianSea.

He managed to get the shores of the Baltic Sea and and the CaspianSea. Peter I played a great part in Russian history. After his death, Russiawas much more secure and progressive than it had been before his reign.

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