Реферат: Kastus Kalinovsky the Fighter for Independence of Belarus

  K.Kalinovsky was born in1838 on the 21-st of January  not  far

from Grodno in Belarus. Hisparents were not rich. There were  18

children in the family.Kalinovsky's mother  Veronica  Rybinskaya

died early and the elderbrother, Victor,  a  student  of  Moscow

University, took care ofKastus. In 1855 Kastus graduated from  a

secondary school in Svislochand entered Moscow  University.  But

in 1856 he changed his mindand became a student of St.Petersburg

University. There Kalinovsky  met  Russian  democrats  Belynsky,

Chernyshevsky, Dobrolubov. Heshared  their  ideas  and  followed

them. In 1861 K.Kalinovskycame  back  to  Belarus.  He  took  an

active part in organizing theuprising of  1863  in  Belarus  and

Lithuania. But the tsaristarmy dispersed the uprising.  In  1864

Kastus Kalinovsky wasarrested and hanged as the learder  of  the

uprising. He fought for national  independence  of  Byelorussian

people, the development ofnational culture  and  education.  His

name became a symbol ofaction and struggle  for  the  rights  of

oppressed people in Belarusand Lithuania.

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