Реферат: Artistic Emigres

As thecenter of artistic interest, Paris attracted many foreign painters in the early20th century, and within a few years of each other three Jewishémigrés, Chaim Soutine, Marc Chagall, and Amedeo Modigliani, hadall arrived in the city. Though they became friends and gained inspiration fromthe recent innovations in art, they were each highly original artists and theirpaintings stand alone, defying categorization and imitation.

The threepainters that we look at here were all born outside France, and they remainedoutsiders to the Parisian art scene for more than merely cultural reasons(Soutine and Chagall were both Russian, and Modigliani was Italian). Thesepainters shared the isolation of being ``other'', never truly belonging to anygroup or adhering to a single manifesto.

Chaim Soutine, a passionateExpressionist

ChaimSoutine (1894-1943) came to Paris in 1913. He was the only painter in the citywho was in the least like Georges Rouault, and as a Parisian Expressionist, hebelonged to the ``School of Paris''. Soutine's style of applying thicklyencrusted paint was quite different from Rouault's, but his wild, chaoticspirit, sorrowful and vehement, is like that of the Frenchman. Just as Rouault,despite his Fauvist connections, is seen as inherently Expressionist, soSoutine was a natural, though singular, Expressionist.

Soutine'sreligion was the earth. He painted the sacredness of the country with a passionthat makes his art hard to read. Landscape at Ceret (c. 1920-21;56 x 84 cm (22 x 33 in)) is so dense that it could be abstract, and it doestake enormous liberties with the earthly facets, but when we do ``read'' it,hill and tree and road take on a new significance for us.

Список литературы

Для подготовкиданной работы были использованы материалы с сайта www.ibiblio.org/louvre/paint/

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