Реферат: Brown, Ford Madox

Brown,Ford Madox (1821-93). English painter.

He wasborn at Calais and trained at Antwerp (under Wappers), in Paris, and at Rome,where he came into contact with the Nazarenes. Settling in England in 1846, hebecame a friend of the Pre-Raphaelites and--with his taste for literarysubjects and meticulous handling--an influence on their work, though he wasnever a member of the Brotherhood. Rossetti studied briefly with him in 1848and Brown's Chaucer at the Court of Edward III (Art Gallery of New South Wales,Sydney, 1851) contains portraits of several of the Brotherhood.

Hisbest-known picture, The Last of England (City Art Gallery, Birmingham, 1855)was inspired by the departure of Woolner, the Pre-Raphaelite sculptor, forAustralia. The other famous anthology piece that Brown painted, Work (ManchesterCity Art Gallery, 1852-63), shows his dedicated craftsmanship and brilliantcoloring, but is somewhat swamped by its social idealism. In 1861 Brown was afounder member of William Morris's company, for which he designed stained glassand furniture. The major work of the later part of his career is a cycle ofpaintings (1878-93) in Manchester Town Hall on the history of the city. Brownwas an individualist and a man of prickly temperament; he opposed the RoyalAcademy and was a pioneer of the one-man show.

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