Реферат: Gros, Antoine-Jean

Gros,Antoine-Jean (1771-1835). French painter. He trained with his father, aminiaturist and then with Jacques-Louis David.Although he revered David andbecame one of his favorite pupils, Gros had a passionate nature and he wasdrawn more to the color and vibrancy of Rubens and the great Venetian paintersthan to the Neoclassical purity of his master.

In 1793Gros went to Italy, where he met Napoleon and was appointed his official battlepainter. He followed Napoleon on his campaigns, and his huge paintings such asThe Battle of Eylau (Louvre, Paris, 1808) are among the most stirring images ofthe Napoleonic era. Compared to the contemporary war scenes of Goya, they areglamorous lies, but they are painted with such dramatic skill and panache thatthey cannot but be admired on their own terms.

When Davidwent into exile after the fall of Napoleon, Gros took over his studio, andtried to work in a more consciously Neoclassical style. He never againapproached the quality of his Napoleonic pictures, however (although he paintedexcellent portraits), and haunted by a sense of failure he drowned himself inthe Seine.

Gros isregarded as one of the leading figures in the development of Romanticism; thecolor and drama of his work influenced Gйricault, Delacroix, and his pupil Boningtonamongst others.

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