Реферат: Pollock, Jackson: Action painting
Pollockwas the first ``all-over'' painter, pouring paint rather than using brushes anda palette, and abandoning all conventions of a central motif. He danced insemi-ecstasy over canvases spread across the floor, lost in his patternings,dripping and dribbling with total control. He said: ``The painting has a lifeof its own. I try to let it come through.'' He painted no image, just``action'', though ``action painting'' seems an inadequate term for thefinished result of his creative process. Lavender Mist is 3 m long(nearly 10 ft), a vast expanse on a heroic scale. It is alive with colored scribble,spattered lines moving this way and that, now thickening, now trailing off to aslender skein. The eye is kept continually eager, not allowed to rest on anyparticular area. Pollock has put his hands into paint and placed them at thetop right-- an instinctive gesture eerily reminiscent of cave painters who didthe same. The overall tone is a pale lavender, maide airy and active. At thetime Pollock was heiled as the greatest American painter, but there are alreadythose who feel his work is not holding up in every respect.
LeeKrasner (1908-84), who married Pollock in 1944, was not celebrated at allduring his lifetime (cut short in 1956 by a fatal car crash), but it wasactually she who first started covering the canvas with a passionate flurry of marks.The originality of her vision, its stiff integrity and its great sense ofinternal cohesion, is now beginning to be recognized. Cobalt Night(1962; 237 x 401 cm (7 ft 9 1/3 x 13 ft 2 in)) at 4 m (over 13 ft) is evenlarger than Lavender Mist and has the same kind of heroicambition.
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