Реферат: Tissot, James

Tissot, James (1836-1902). French painter and graphic artist. Early inhis career he painted historical costume pieces, but in about 1864 he turnedwith great success to scenes of contemporary life, usually involvingfashionable women. Following his alleged involvement in the turbulent events ofthe Paris Commune (1871) he took refuge in London, where he lived from 1871 to1882. He was just as successful there as he had been in Paris and lived in somestyle in St John's Wood; in 1874 Edmond de Goncourt wrote sarcastically that hehad `a studio with a waiting room where, at all times, there is iced champagneat the disposal of visitors, and around the studio, a garden where, all daylong, one can see a footman in silk stockings brushing and shining theshrubbery leaves'.

Hispictures are distinguished most obviously by his love of painting women'scostumes: indeed, his work--which has a fashion-plate elegance and achocolate-box charm-- has probably been more often reproduced in works on thehistory of costume than on the history of painting. He also, however, had agift for wittily observing nuances of social behavior. In 1882, following thedeath of his mistress Kathleen Newton (the archetypal Tissot model-- beautifulbut rather vacant), he returned to France. In 1888 he underwent a religiousconversion when he went into a church to `catch the atmosphere for a picture',and thereafter he devoted himself to religious subjects. He visited the HolyLand in 1886-87 and in 1889, and his illustrations to the events of the Biblewere enormously popular, both in book form and when the original drawings wereexhibited.

For manyyears after his death Tissot was considered a grossly vulgar artist, bug therehas been a recent upsurge of interest in him, expressed in sale-room prices forhis work as well as in numerous books and exhibitions devoted to him.

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