Реферат: Education in GB
I know English boys and girls begin to go to school(it is called«infant») at five; at seven they go to junior schools or departments;at eleven they go to secondary schools. (After selection procedures at the ageof eleven they can study at different types of secondary shool: grammar schoolswhich provide an academic education oriented toeards university entry;secondary modern schools which were originally designed to give a generaleducation with a practical bias(уклон);a few secondary technics schools offering a general education related toindustry, commerce and agriculture; and schools providing all three or any twotypes of education, in separately orginized streams known as multilateral orbilateral schools).
These schools consist of denominational and non-denominationalschools. I'd like to yell you about non-denominational school. One must studythere for 6 years. It's open to all boys and girls. There are the six years inthis school. During the first year all classes recieve the same basic core ofsubjects namely English, maths, history, geography, science, French, art,music, P.E., technical subjects & home economics. Toward the end of thesecond year pupils are asked to make their subject choices for third and forthyears. Desicions on this stage are only taken after interviews involvingparents, staff and the pupils themselfs. The curriculum in 3rd and 4th yearsconsistsof compulsory section (обязательное разделение) which includes English, math and an options section made up ofthose subjects choosen by the pupil at the end of the second year. Optionlcources are designed to give a sound basic education.
The system of higher education in Britain includes universities,colleges of education and advanced cources at various colleges.
There are more than 44 universities in Britain. But not alluniversities are equil. They differ from one another in history and tradition.The oldest and world-known universities are Oxford and Cambridge.
A university usually consists of colleges. The departments of thecolleges are organized into faculties. In the university students have a seriesof lectures, seminars, tutorials and laboratory classes. Lectures are given tolarge groups of students while seminars are much smaller than lectures.Lectures and seminars are all one hour in length, laboratory classes last 2 or3 hours. The academic year devides into 3 terms. First two termslast for 24weeks; the 3rd term is reserved for classes and examinations and lasts for sixweeks.
After three years of study a university graduate will leave withthe Degree of Bachelor of Arts or Science. Student can continue to take hisMaster's Degree and then the Doctor's.
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