Реферат: Moscow

The best way to see astrange city is to buy a map and a guide-book. If you want to learn, more abouta city, it is useful to walk along the streets and look around to seehistorical places, buildings and monuments. There is no doubt that you shouldvisit art galleries and museums.

Moscow, the capital ofRussia, is one of the largest cities in the world. It stands on the bank of theMoskva River. About 10 million people live in the city. Moscow is famous forits historical and architectural monuments that were built by outstandingarchitects and sculptors: Kazakov, Bazhenov, Martos and others.

The best starting point ofthe tour around the city is Red Square, the central and the most beautifulsquare in Moscow. It is the place of parades, meeting and demonstrations. Hereone can see the Cathedral of St.Basil the Blessed, or St.Basil’s cathedral,erected by architects Postnik and Barma to commemorate Russia’s conquest of theKazan Kingdom in 1552. It is a masterpiece of Russian architecture. Touristscan see the monument to Minin and Pozharsky designed by Ivan Martos in 1818 in

memory of the Russianvictory over the Polish invaders, the History Museum. The heart of Moscow isthe Kremlin, a wonderful architectural ensemble with 3 magnificient cathedrals,the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great palaces, fortress walls and 20 towers. Themost famous of the towers is the Spasskaya Tower with a big clock. The Kremlinwith golden domes and tower makes a strong impression on tourists. TheAlexander Garden with the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is the place of memory.Some Skyscrapers decorate Moscow Including Moscow University, a palace ofknowledge and students. Moscow is a scientific and cultural centre where thereare a lot of institutes, universities, libraries, museums. The city leads avaried cultural life. It has a lot of cinemas, clubs, concert halls, more than40 drama and musical theatres, including the Bolshoi Theatre, the Art Theatre.The Maly Theatre. The Vakhtangov Theatre.

Muscovites are proud oftheir museums: the Tretyakov Gallery, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, literarymuseums.

Crowds of people visit theTretiakov Gallery admiring beautiful pictures of Russian painters.

Moscovites are fond of goingin for sports so, there are a lot of stadiums, swimming-pools, courts andsports ground.

The citizens of Moscow enjoyspending their weekends in parks and gardens — the Park of Culture and Rest,Izmailovo, Sokolniki.

Moscovites do their best tocreate the atmosphere of the old Moscow with its unique monuments. Before the850th anniversary of Moscow the Cathedral of Christ the Savior was completed.

Moscow is the place where thingsare happening in all spheres of life.


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