Реферат: Moscow

Moscow is the capital of Russia. It is the seat of the highestbodies of state authority.

Moscow was founded in 1147 by Yuri Dolgoruky. In the 15th centuryMoscow became the capital of Russian state. With the transfer of Russia'scapital to St. Peter-sburg in 1712, it became the country's second capital. In1918 it became the capital of Russian Federation, and from 1922 to 1991 it wasthe capital of the USSR.

Present-day Moscow is a capital of Russian Federation. Moscow hasmore than 5000 streets and squares taking up an area of 1000 square kilometres.The population is about 9 million, plus some three million guests comingannually.

Moscow is a country's major industrial centre, unrivalled in thestrength of its work force and the range of manufactured goods. Machinebuilding, instrument ma-king and radio electronics are the leading industriesof the capital. Moscow is the major transportation hub linked by rail, road andair with all the areas of Russia and with many countries.

Moscow is the main scientific centre of Russia housing the RussianAcademy of Sciences, 78 higher educational institutions and many scientific andresearch establishments. Moscow is the venue of important congresses andconferences, scientific symposiums, art exhibitions, festivals and sportcompetitions.

Moscow is the major tourist centre of Russia. Thou-sands of peoplewho visit our capital, come to see its Red Square, the main square in Moscowand Russia and the famous Kremlin, numerous museums, theatres and exhibitions.The most famous are the Bolshoi Theatre, the Tretyakov Art Gallery, PushkinFine Arts Museum and many others. The city impresses everybody with its streetslined with fine buildings, its large squares, green parks, its wide bridges,its beautiful embankments, churches and monuments.

Russia's centre of present-day transformations, Moscow combinesthe memories of the past with all that is sacred today and holds a good promisefor the future. Moscow is an ever young city, which is always growing andchanging. It is a city dear to the heart of every Russian man.

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