Реферат: The United States of America

The United States of America is another important English-speakingcountry. It consists of fifty different states and the District of Columbiajoined together under one government.

The USA covers an area of almost 9400000 square kilometres and istwice as large as all the countries of Europe combined. It is placed in themiddle of the North American continent and is washed by the Atlantic Ocean inthe east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Placed between two oceans, the USAhas a free access to the trade routes of the world.

The USA is divided into three areas: Eastern area — a highland.Central area — a plain, and the Western area which is mountainous. Thenorth-western part of the USA includes five lakes. The whole central plainconstitutes the basin of the Mississippi River. The Mississippi is one of thelongest rivers in the world.

On the whole the USA has a continental climate. It is at the same timeone of the coldest and one of the hottest countries, one of the wettest and oneon the driest.

The flag of the United States is called “Stars and Stripes”. The50 stars represent the 50 states and the 13 stripes represent 13 originalEnglish colonies, which in 1776 became free and independent of England.

The USA is governed by Congress and by the President. Congressconsists of the Senate (100 senators — 2 from each state) and the House ofRepresentatives (435 Congressmen). The President, who is also the head of thegovernment and the commander-in-chief of all the armed forces, is elected everyfour years.

The capital of the United States is Washington. It is situated onthe Potomac River not far from the Atlantic coast. Washington is not a verylarge city. Such cities as New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco,Houston, Dallas, Philadelphia, Detroit, New Orleans and some others are morelarger.

The USA is one of the most developed country in the world. It is acountry of great contrasts. There are a lot of unsolved problems in the countrysuch as unemployment and inflation, but nevertheless it is one of the greatestcountries in the world.

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