Реферат: Russia

Russia is one of the largest countries in the world. Its totalarea is over 17 million square kilometres. It is situated both in Europe and inAsia.

There are different types of climate on its territory. It is verycold in the North even in summer, and very warm in the South even in winter.There are many rivers in Russia, the longest are the Volga and the Yenisei andthe Ob'.

The population of Russia is about 150 million people. The capitalof our country is Moscow.

As for the political system, Russia is a federal republic. Thelegislative body of the country is State Duma and the executive body is aCouncil of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister. The president is the headof the state and the government. He is elected every four years.

Big changes in political and economical life have happened inRussia during last years. Our country is involved in the complicated process offormation of completely new relations in international and domestic life. Firstthe political life has been changed. For the first time since 1917 we havestarted the construction of democratic society, the correction of all mistakesmade by the communist regime for 70 years. The most difficult thing is thealter-nation of people's mentality. As now there is no such notion like“capitalism is the socialism's enemy” usual for the consciousness of manygenerations of former soviet citizens.

The changes in the sphere of economy are being done with greatdifficulties. Almost all the connections between the republics of the formerUSSR have been broken. The formation of the new economy is a very long processof creation of new economic connections with inner and foreign partners. Thepolitical ambitions of many countries of the former USSR and hard inflationprocesses in the country are the real obstacles on the way to the new economy.But in spite of all these facts we should say, that Russia is going ahead. Thiscan be proved, for example, by the attitude to our country in the world, by thefirst democratic elections of the President of Russia. This event became thegreat landmark in the history of the renewed Russian state. We believe in thegreat future of Russia.

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