Реферат: The United States Of America

The USA is one of the largest countries in the world. It is situatedin the central part of the North American continent. The area of the USA isover nine million square kilometres. It is washed by the Pacific Ocean and bythe Atlantic Ocean. The most northern part of the USA is Alaska, the largeststate, separated from the rest of the country by Canada.

The population of the United States is nearly 250 million people,most of the people live in towns.

People of different nationalities live in the USA,

The official language of the country is English. The capital of thecountry is Washington. It was named in honour of the first President, GeorgeWashington.

As the USA is a large country, the climate is different in differentregions. For example, the Pacific coast is a region of mild winters and warm,dry summers, but the eastern continental region is watered with rainfall. Theregion around the Great Lakes has changeable weather.

There are many mountains in the USA. For example, the highest peaksof the Cordillera in the USA are 6,193 and 4,418 metres.

The main river of the country is the -Mississippi. But there aremany other great rivers in the USA: the Colorado in the south and the Columbiain the north west. There are five Great Lakes between the USA and Canada.

The USA produces more than 52 per cent of the world's corn, wheat,cotton tobacco.

There are many big cities in the country. They are Washington (thecapital of the country), New York (the city of contrasts, financial andbusiness centre of the USA), Boston (there are many colleges and universitiesin it), Chicago (one of the biggest industrial cities in the USA), SanFrancisco, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Detroit (one of the biggest centres ofthe automobile industry).

The USA has an Academy of Sciences. There are many scientificinstitutions, museums, libraries, theatres and other interesting places in thecountry.

The USA is a highly developed industrial country. The USA is rich inmineral resources, such as aluminium, salt, zinc, coppers, and others. Thecountry is rich in coal, natural gas, gold and silver, too. It holds one of thefirst places in the world for the production of coal, iron, oil, natural gas.

Such industries as machine-building, ship-building are highlydeveloped in the country.

American agriculture produces a lot of food products: grain, fruit,vegetables.

The USA is a federal republic, consisting of fifty states. Each ofthese states has its own government. Congress is the American Parliament whichconsists of two Chambers.

The president is the head of the state and the government. He iselected for four years.

Список литературы

Дляподготовки данной работы были использованы материалы с сайта nota.triwe.net/

еще рефераты
Еще работы по иностранному языку