Реферат: Educational System in Great Britain

The educational system of G.B. is extremely complex and bewildering.It is very difficult to generalize about particular types of schools as schoolsdiffer from one to the other.

The department of education and science is responsible for nationaleducational policy, but it doesn’t employee teacher or prescribe curricular ortext books. Each school has it’s own board of governors consisting of teachers,parents, local politicians, members of local community, businessmen andsometimes pupils.

According to the law only one subject is compulsory. Such asreligious instruction. Schooling for children is compulsory from 5 to 16,though some provision is made for children under 5 and some pupils remain atschool after 16 to prepare for higher education. The state school system isusually divided into 2 stages (secondary and primary). The majority of primaryschools are mixed. They are subdivided into infant schools(ages 5 to 7),andjunior schools(ages 7 to 11). In junior schools pupils were often placed inA,B,C or D-streams, according to their abilities. Under the pressure ofprogressive parents and teachers the 11+ examination has now been abolished inmost parts of the country.

There are some types of schools in G.B. Grammar schools provided anacademicals cause for selected pupils from the age of 11 to 18. Only thosechildren who have the best results are admitted to these schools. They givepupils a high level of academic education witch can lead to the university.

Technical Schools offer a general education with a technical biasand serve those pupils who are more mechanically minded. The curricularincludes more science and mathematics. Secondary modern schools were formed toprovide a non-academic education for children of lesser attainment. Thecurricular includes more practical subjects. The comprehensive schools bringsabout a general improvement in the system of secondary education.

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