Реферат: The royal family (Королевское семейство)
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REFERATEFORENGLISH PUPLE FROM 9 “G” CLASS
OFSCHOOL NO 22LIVINCEV IVAN
For more than a thousand years Britain has always hadkings or queens except for the ten years between 1649 and 1659. In the past,kings had great power and they really helped to make history. They startedwars, made lows, and did things in their own way. But gradually more and morepower went to Parliament. What does the queen do now? Why does Britain needmonarchy?And does it?A job for life
Elizabeth II calls theWindsor family a “Firm”. She thinks of it as a business rather than a family.And the main business of the royal family is… well, probably being royal. Andthey are paid for it. The queen is one of the richest woman in the world andyet she gets about 8 million pounds a year to be a queen. But many people agreethat she does her job well and she deserves her salary.
The work of the royal family hascontinued through all the changes of the last fifty or sixty years. There arehundreds of traditional ceremonies which the Queen has to keep. Each year, inSeptember or October, there is the State Opening of Parliament. The Queen,wearing her crown, arrives at the Houses of Parliament by carriage. There shereads the Queens Speech, which discusses the government’s work for the nextyear.
Another traditional ceremony takesplace on the Thursday before Easter Sunday. The Queen gives out purses of moneyto older people who have done good work. This is called “Maundy money” and thetradition is almost seven hundred years old.
Every summer the Queen gives threeor more royal garden parties at Buckingham Palace. About 8,000 guests come toeach party. They drink about 27,000 cups of tea and eat 20,000 sandwiches and20,000 pieces of cake.
The Queen and other members of theroyal family often travel abroad as guests of others countries. They meetimportant visitors. They are invited to the opening of hospitals, schools,museums, embassies-not long ago Princess Anne came to Moscow for the openingceremony of the new British Embassy. So their life is quite busy. Besides, theQueen acts as head of the government and once a week she has a meeting with thePrime Minister. She also has to read the report of the day from Parliament. Anylaw made by Parliament really becomes a law only if the Queen agrees to it. Butno king or queen has refused a new law since 1701!Family story
When Elizabeth was born nobodyknew she would be queen. Her grandfather, King George V, had six children. Hiseldest son, Edward, was the next in line to be king and Elizabeth’s father,Albert, was only second child. Edward loved a good time. He enjoyed women,drink a lot, spent money, liked fashionable clothes. Albert, or
Bertie, as his friend called him, was rather shy, hestammered, and all his life it was difficult for him to make speeches. As hedid not expect to become king, he the Navy. When he took exams at navalCollege, he came only 68th. It wasn’t very impressive since therewere only 68 students in the class.
He married lady ElizabethBowes-Lyon- she is the Queen Mother now and this year she has celebrate her 100thanniversary! -And they had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret.
The family lived in a house onPiccadilly. It was not a palace, but it was a nice place with twenty-fivebedrooms, a library and a room for dance and parties. The girls had a privateteacher, they also studied music, dancing and art. As a child Elizabeth wasnicknamed Lilibet-because that was the way she pronounced her name. She was aserious, tidy little girl, but her governess said that Lilibet and Margaretcould fight on occasions.
In 1936 King George died. When hiscoffin with the crown on top of it was carriage through the streets on a horsedrawn carriage, the crown fell. Many people through it was a bad sign. Indeed,1936 became “The year of the kings”. In January, after his father’s death,Edward became king. In December he refused from the throne and his youngerbrother Bertie took his place.WAR TIMES, MARRIAGE AND FUTURE
Bertie became King George. The family movedinto Buckingham Palace. During the war the family lived in Windsor. It wasdangerous to stay in London because the city was often bombed especially EastEnd.
When Elizabeth was 13 she met Prince Philip of Greece. He was six yearolder than her. Certainly at that time she was only schoolgirl, but later theyfell in love and in 1947 they got married.
As we now after that was born a daughter, which name is Diana. In 1989year Princes Diana got married with Prince Charles. They had two sons, Williamand Harry. The year part of Windsor Castle was badly damaged by a fire. Thegovernment refused to pay for the repairs. So the Queen opened BuckinghamPalace to playing tourist to get the money. Later she decided that theirfavorite royal ship Britannia was tooexpensive and it had to go. Queen agreed to pay taxes.
After Diana’s die many people askedif Charles would be king or the crown would go to his eldest son, William?Prince William is 18 now, he looks very much like his mother. He and PrinceHarry are the royal family of the future. Both boys study at Eton, they spend alot of time with their father and often visit their grandmother.
England has had kings and queens for a thousandyears-probably they’ll have them for another thousand, and people believe inthe Royal Family!