Реферат: The Cinema World. Moden film festivals and film industry and stars
<span MV Boli";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">TheCinema World.
<span MV Boli";mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Modenfilm festivals and film industry and stars.
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<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">I’m a cinema goer. And also I like watching films on TV or video. But Ithink, that watching a good film is the best relaxation. It isthought-provoking and entertaining. Now a growing number of people preferwatching films on TV to attending cinemas. There are wonderful comedies, lovestories, science fiction, horror films, detective stories, and historical filmson. There’s a variety of films available today. It is difficult to live withoutcinema. One fact is clear for everyone: cinema makes our life better. Cinemahelps us to forget different problems. When people watch films, they have arest. Some films take people into another world. I think it is a pure world,where usual problems do not even exist. Cinema is a great power, it helps us tounderstand our complex well. Cinema can leave nobody indifferent. It is sopowerful that it provokes complex feelings. We meet a lot of people. Everyonehas his own opinion about something and like most of us I have my own opiniontoo, for example, about cinema. Cinema is a necessary and important part of mylife. It is my essence, my mode of life and my happiness. Cinema helps me tocope with difficulties and with incorrigible problems.
<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Cinema means the same as pictures and movies. In Greek the world kinemameans ‘movement’. Cinema has been with us for over 100 years. It was born atthe end of the 19th century. But the moving image has been aroundfor a lot longer. The magic world of film comes to life before the visitor’seyes at the Museum of Moving Image in London. Later cinema became the mostpopular entertaiment all over the world. There are a lot of flms to differenttastes: an actoin film, an adventure film, a cartoon, a comedy, a documentary, adrama, a disaster film, a hictorical film, a horror film, a love story, amusical, a fiction film, a thriller, a travelogue, a war film, a western andetc.
<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">There are so many interesting and entertaining films, that sometimes itis a problem to chose what to see. In this problem we are helped by filmfestivals. They acquaint us the most attractive film, because films areassessed by jury of international celebrities.
<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">Nowadays there are a lot of film festivals: the Cannes festival, theBerlin festival, the Venice festival and etc. All of the films at the festivalsare assessed by jury of international celebrities. festivals provideopportnities for actors especially for starlates, reveal both masterpieces andduds. Put an emphasis on independent and innovative film making and guaranteedistribution for non-mainstream and non- Hollywood films. Festivals are annualevents. All of them have their own awards and places where they are held.
<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">The Cannes festival is a French film festival which was founded in 1938.this festival soon became one of the topfestivals. Its award is olive-branch (olive-branch is a symbol of peace).
<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">The berlin festival is a German film festival is one of the three majorfestivls in Europe. Its prize is Golden Bear.
<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">The Venice festival is the world’s oldest film festival (1932). Itsaward is Golden Lion.
<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language: EN-US">The Oscars are awarded every year by the American Academy of MotionPicture Arts and Science. These statuettes are awarded to actors, filmdirectors, screenwriters and so on for outstanding contributions to the filmindustry. The Oscars were first awarded in 1927. The first winners were chosenby five judges. Nowadays all of the members of the Academy vote. The ceremonyis attended by most Hollywood stars, although some famous stars, such as WoodyAllen, refuse to go, even if they win an award. The oldest winner of an Oscarwas 80-year- old Jessica Tandy for her performance in the film “Driving MissDaisy” in 1990. The youngest was Shirley Temple when she was only five yearsold. The statuette is of soldier standing on a reel of film. Nobody is reallysure why it is called an Oscar, although some people say that it is becausewhen the first statuette was made, a secretary said, “It reminds me of UncleOscar!” Oscar is one of the top ceremony of awards. Its award is a gold-platedfigurine which is awarded annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts andSciences for the best film work in various categories, e.g. Best Picture, BestDirector, Best Actor, Best Actress. In 1928 Frances Marion said about it: “thestatuette is a perfect symbol of the movie business – a powerful athletic bodyclutching a gleaming sword, with half of his haed, the art that holds hisbrain, completely sliced off”.
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