Реферат: Seasons







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Seasons of theyear


Winter is thecoldest season. The temperature is usually 15-20 degrees below zero. The riversand lakes get frozen. It often snows in winter so the ground, trees andbuildings are covered with tiny little things called snowflakes. The trees haveno leaves. You can see few animals, insects and birds because the most of themwent into hibernation or got away to the South. People wear heavy fur coats andboots. Though winter is very cold you can find it very funny and joyful.Children play hockey, snowballs and skate, make snowmen.

Unusual andfunny winter’s holidays

December 25:Christmas

Christmas is a time for families, fun andfestivities! A time of family gatherings and holiday meals. A time for Santa,stars, singing carols. A time for ornament, gifts, and twinkling lights. Youcan find children sending a letter to Santa, holidays postcards to friends andrelatives, writing stories on Christmas, etc.

January 10:Roman Catholic Church Day

The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church is the Christianchurch in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI.It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus andspread by Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. The Catholic Church isthe largest Christian church, representing around half of all Christians, andis the largest organized body of any world religion. According to theStatistical Yearbook of the Church, the Catholic Church’s worldwide recordedmembership at the end of 2005 was 1.114.966.000, approximately one-sixth of theworld’s population. The worldwide Catholic Church is made up of one Western orLatin and 22 Eastern Catholic autonomous particular churches, all of which lookto the Bishop of Rome, along or along with the College of Bishops, as their highestauthority on earth for matters of faith, moral and church governance. It isdivided into jurisdictional areas, usually on territorial basis. At the end of2006, the total number of all these jurisdictional areas was 2.782.

February1:Bubble Gum Day

For many years the custom of chewing gum has notonly continued, but expended among the population of the world. This isprobably because the chewing of gum is fun. It tastes good and continuouslyreleases its pleasant flavor sensation over a long period of time with thetotal ingestion of only approximately 5 to 10 calories per portion. The chewinggum industry guards the purity and integrity of its products and annuallyinvests a substantial share of its income in the thorough investigation ofevery ingredient and aspect of manufacture, as well as in research anddevelopment. These manufactures want their customers to continue enjoying oneof the finest food product in the world.

February 2:Hedgehog Day

Hedgehog Day is said to be a German tradition, whichthe Germans got from the ancient Romans. Hedgehog Day is claimed to be aprecursor to Groundhog Day, a minor holiday in North America on the second ofFebruary. On that day, groundhogs are said to emerge from their burrows.According to tradition, if they see their shadows, they return to their burrowsand six more weeks of winter are to be expended. Groundhog Day is atransformation of a German predecessor, which relied not on groundhogs, but onhedgehogs. German immigrations to North America, finding no hedgehogs in theirland, substituted groundhogs for hedgehogs.

season holiday


The bells of spring are ringing, The trees aregreen,

All ringing loud and gay; Blue skies are seen.

By hill and dale they are flinging Grey winter’sgone away

Sweet melody today. The golden sun

Greets everyone.

The world looks new and gay.

Spring is themost amazing and wealthy season of the year. It’s the time when nature wakes upafter a long winter sleep, when days become longer and longer and the rays of thesun are warmer and warmer. Snow is gradually melting and as a result treesbegin to show their first buds. Ice on the rivers also vanishes; water sparklesand renews its ability to reflect whatever you want. After a while flower timecomes and everything starts blooming. That’s an unforgettable period of theseason. It inspires everyone and makes each person stop, look around withoutany haste and admire every blade of spring grass, every flower, every bud andNature upon the whole. Isn’t it fantastic?


March 8: InternationalWomen’s Day

At that day we honour our mothers, teachers,sisters, wives and all women; we give them the flowers, small tokens of love;we say to them compliments and words of appreciation.

March 20:International Astrology Day

It is an annual holiday celebrated by astrologersand astrology enthusiasts. It is seen be astrologers as the beginning of theastrological year. It is the first full day of the astrological sign of Ariesand thus marks the beginning of the Zodiac. The date of the holiday occurs atthe same time of the Iranian New Year, which is celebrated in many placesthroughout the Middle East and Central Asia.

April 7: WorldHealth Day

It is celebrated every year under the sponsorship ofWorld Health Organisation held the First World Health Assembly. The Assemblydecided to celebrate 7 April as World Health Day. World Health Day iscelebrated to create awareness of a specific health theme to highlight apriority area of concern for World Health Organisation (WHO).

April 29:International Dance Day

It has been celebrated on 29 April through promotionby the International Dance Council (CID), en umbrella organization withinUNESCO. The holiday was introduced in 1982 by the International Dance Committeeof the UNESCO International Theatre Institute. The date was suggested by PyotrGusev to commemorate the birthday of Jean-Georges Noverre.

1 May: May Day

May Day refers to any of several holidays, which arepublic in some countries. The holiday has ancient origins and various customssurrounding the time period have survived into modern times. May Day is aCross-quarter day. May Day may be best known for its tradition of dancing theMaypole and crowning of the Queen of the May. Today various Neopagan celebratereconstructed (to varying degrees) versions of these customs on May 1.


Summer is thewarmest and driest season. The temperature is about 20-30 degrees above zero.People wear shorts and T-shirts. It is also the vacation season. People usuallygo to the seashore or travel to different countries. They go to the country, goswimming, play outdoor games such as football, volleyball, basketball, badminton,tennis, etc. You can find a lot of baby animals at this time.


June 1:International Child’s day

Children are the future of the mankind. And this dayis their day. The children’s right for life and dignity must be respected anddefended. Want is sunnier, more joyful and memorable than childhood? A childgets to know the world with the help of adults, learns and finds out newinteresting things. A child is happy when he is loved, warmed, fed andunderstood.


Autumn is aseason when leaves fall off, the harvest is gathered and everybody andeverything prepares for winter. The autumn months are September, October andNovember. Autumn is not very warm. In autumn trees become golden, red andorange. Ripe fruit come into view between the leaves. In the countryside onecan see fields and forests in all gradations of the golden colour and enjoythis marvelous view. Autumn brings stillness; everything starts to fall asleepbit by bit; one often thinks of the inconstancy of live and at the same momentof the constant repetition of seasons.

Although autumnis considered often as the withering of Nature, this is the beginning of a newlife. Animals prepare themselves not only for winter, but also for the nextyear. They make up comfortable winter houses for themselves and gather food toappear strong and healthy after the winter period. It often rains in autumn,and days become shorter and colder.


By June Kellum

There’s nothing as fine as an autumn day,

With the smell in the air of fresh mown hay.

Each tree is a wonder

Of beauty, untold,

Each leaf brushed with colour,

A sight to behold!

There’s a nip in the air-crisp, cool and clear,

To remind us that winter soon will be here!

But for now we have autumn –

The snow-off of seasons –

My favourite by far,

And these are the reasons!

They are the Dayof Knowledge, the International Day of Peace, World Students Day, World FoodDay, Thanksgiving, International Animal Day and Halloween. Autumn greets uswith rains, winds and long nights, making our spirits low. But we can changeour attitude to it. It can be thrilling and exciting, full of pleasant emotionsand wonderful events. We can get enjoyment celebrating autumn’s holidays.


October 7: WorldSmile Day

The intend 0of World Smile Day is to do an act ofkindness, or to help one person to smile.

October 31:Halloween

This holiday is celebrated on the night of October31 mostly by children, who, in a tradition commonly known as trick-or treating,dress in costumes and go door-to-door to collect sweets, fruit and other gifts.Other traditional activities include costume parties, watching horror films,visiting “haunted houses’’ and participating in traditional autumn activities.

November 2: All Souls’Day

In Western Christianity, All Souls’ Day commemoratesthe faithful departed. This day is observed especially in the Roman CatholicChurch but to some extend also among Protestants. The Eastern Orthodox Churchobserves several All Souls’ Day during the year.

November 9:World Freedom Day

World Freedom Day is a United States federalobservance declared by President of the United States George Bush tocommemorate the fall of the Berlin Wall. It started in 2001 and is celebratedon 9 November.

November 11:Remembrance Day

Remembrance Day (United Kingdom, Australia, Canada),also known as Poppy Day (South Africa and Malta), Veterans Day (United States)And Armistice Day (New Zealand and many other Commonwealth countries) is a dayto commemorate the sacrifice of veterans and civilians in World War І, Worldwar II and other wars.

November 17:International Students’ day

International Students’ Day is an internationalobservance of student activism. Taking the day differently than its originalmeaning, a number of universities mark it, sometimes on a day other thanNovember 17, for a nonpolitical celebration of the multiculturalism of theirinternational students.

November 22:Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving day, legal holiday in the USA, firstcelebrated in the early colonial times in New England. The actual origin,however, is probably the harvest festivals that are traditional in many partsof the world. In 1863, President Lincoln issued a White House proclamationcalling on the “whole American people” wherever they lived to unite “with oneheart and one voice” in observing a special day of thanksgiving.


Inspire – надихати, навівати, вселяти;

Haste — поспішність, квапливість;

Token — подарунокнапам'ять;

Appreciation – вдячність;

Annual — щорічний, річний;

Gradation — градація; поступовість;

Inconstancy- несталість,мінливість,нерегулярність;

Constant – постійний,сталий;

Wither — в'янути, сохнути;блякнути, марніти;

Mown hay– cкошене сіно;

Nip — щипок; укус;

Release — звільняти,визволяти; випускати на волю, полегшувати;

Flavor- аромат; запах, приємний смак; присмак;

Approximately — приблизно,наближено, майже;

Hibernation — зимова сплячка;

Carol — весела пісня;різдвяний гімн; колядка;

Twinkle — мерехтіти, блимати;блискати;

Bishop – єпископ.

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