Реферат: Ключи для оксфордской рабочей тетради (Upper-Intermediate)


Unit 1

1 Identifying tenses

Exercise 1

a is walking n had been b walked washed/ c 'd been walking was washed d had taken o 've been e was taken washing f '11 take p will have g 'vehad been sold h '11 be having q sells i were having r will be sold/ j is freshly made 's going to k '11 have made be sold

1 's been made s will have been m 're being teaching washed t were being taught

Exercise 2 ACTIVE

Simple Continuous Present sells is walking Past walked were

having Future will take will be

having Present Perfect have had have been

washing Past Perfect had taken had been


Future Perfect will have will have made been

teaching PASSIVE

Simple Continuous Present is made are being

washed Past was taken were being

taught Future will be sold Present Perfect has been

made Past Perfect had been

washed Future Perfect will have been sold

2 Correcting mistakes


b Manchester United are playing

really well at the moment.… c I've heard you're going to have a

baby!/you're having a baby!… d • e When I was a little girl, I always

spent my ...

f I've been going out with Paul… g… Perhaps I'll get him… h •

i A… strike has been called by… j… and deserved to pass ...

3 Choosing the right tense

a 've been looking/was looking b wonder/'m wondering/

wondered/was wondering c went d 'd never been

e was doing/did

f got

g did you feel

h 'sbeen

i 've visited

j felt

k was travelling

1 have been learning/are learning

m 're looking forward

n is hoping/hopes

o will that be

p will be able

q produces

r 've been

s '11 get

t 've discussed

4 Active or passive?

Exercise 1

a Volvos aren't made in Norway. b Our house was built in the 17th


c Has your bedroom been decorated d My bedroom's being decorated… e While… was being built… f… our house had been burgled. g She won't be recognized ...

Exercise 2

a were caught were leaving/left

b arrived had caught

c are emptied

d hadn't been delivered

e has been missing

f don't you like love

're going to see

g were driving were overtaken h had been snowing i arrive '11 be picked up

5 At home on a train Exercise 1

a don't live k have been b has travelled removed c is made 1 paid d 've lived/ m were offered

've been living n 'm discovering e didn't want o was built f saw p 've worked/ g fell 're working/ h bought have been i had already working

done q '11 ever sell j we're still r will remain/

making remains

Exercise 2

a Do they live in a caravan? b How long have they lived/been

living there?

c Who did they buy it from? d How much did they pay for their

house? e How much were they recently

offered for the house? f Where and when was it built? g Are they still working on the hous

6 have, be,or do?

a has (A) h does (A) b did (F) i was (A) c have (F) j is (A) d 've (A) being (A) e is/was (F) k doing (F) has/had (F) to have (F)

f didn't (A) 1 been (A) g done (F) 'm(F)

7 Forms of haveand have got Exercise 1

a '… have you got/do you have a ...'

'… I'm having ...'

'… I've got/have… to have ...' b '… have you got/do you have ...'

'… I haven't/don't...'


'… haven't got/don't have… c '...had...'


'… Will you have to ...' d 'Have you got/do you have ...'

'No, we haven't/don't. Have/do


'… I've had… I've got/have ...'

'… to have ...' e '… We've got to/have to ...'

'… haven't got/don't have ...'

'… had… Have ...' f… having… I've had… haven't


Exercise 2

a She hasn't got...

b I don't usually have ...

c I haven't got/don't have ...

d They aren't having ...

e We didn't have ...

f I don't have to ...

g I didn't have to ...

Exercise 3

a What colour eyes has she got? b What time do you usually have


c How much money do you have? d What are they having a row about? e Did you have a good time on

holiday? f How many hours a day do you have

to work? g, What time did you have to get up

this morning?

8 Rooms and their contents

Kitchen: taps sink dishwasher

scales breadbin tin opener

cat flap tea towel high chair

Welsh dresser Living room: French windows

armchair sofa rug

drinks cabinet magazine rack

ornaments Bedroom: chest of drawers

dressing table cot duvet

wardrobe pillow ornaments

sheets rug quilt Bathroom: shower curtain

towel rail washbasin bidet taps

scales flannel towel

9 house and home idioms

Exercise 1

a He's got a huge appetite.

b They have a very good relationship.

c I could shop for a very long time.

d The drinks are free.

e The musical was a success.

f The pictures made me realize fully

the horrors of the famine. g Mum earns the money in our


h Haig managed to win, although it wasn't easy.

Exercise 2

a When I saw her empty cat basket it

really brought home the fact I'd

never see her again. b We all got on like a house on fire. c They eat us out of house and home. d Apparently, it brought the house

down. e I could dance until the cows come


10 Literal and idiomatic

Exercise 1

a out e down h back b away f off on i in c down g out j away d off

Exercise 2

a fell out (L) e Hold on (I)

fell out (I) hold on (L) b put up (I) f take it off (L)

put up (L) take off (I) c 've sorted g picked it up (I)

out (L) pick him up (L)

sort it out (I) d stand up (L)

stand up (I)

11 Vowel sounds and spelling Exercise 1

a friend e took i thought b English f huge j shirt c cheese g crash k chart d month h shock 1 temper

Exercise 2

lei letter weather breakfast head /i/ sick women busy building I'r.l tree jeans heat machine /a/ hug mother fun worry Ivl good woman could pullover /u:/ cool roof suit canoe 1x1 camp family accent fan /o/ log odd sausage want /a:/ horse walk daughter floor /3:i early work search worm /a:/ party father banana garden /a/ letter banana father machine

Exercise 3

a Learning a foreign language is very

useful. b It's important to have a good


c English spelling isn't easy. d It's good to keep lists of vocabulary. e Grammar doesn't have to be

boring. f Everyone wants to speak English


Unit 10

1 Tina's diary

Exercises 1 and 2

a usually f rarely/ b occasionally hardly ever c used to C) g always d frequently h sometimes e rarely/ i will

hardly ever j would (•)

2 Present habit Exercise 1

Id 2g 3f 4e 5h 6c 7b 8 i 9 j 10 a

Exercise 2 (Sample answers)

a She has three a day.

b He's always telling people how

clever he is. c She won't eat anything at all


d He doesn't play anything. e They're always buying things. f He's always sitting at his computer,

surfing the Internet. g She's always watching TV. h He always expects the worst to

happen. i They will eat with their mouths

open. j He never lets you down.

3 used toand would Exercise 1

a used to e used to

b Did you use to f didn't use to

c never used to/ g did you use to

didn't use to h Didn't you d Did you use to use to

Exercise 2

1 a,b 2 a 3 a,b,c 4 a,b,c 5 a 6 a, b, c 7 a, b 8 a 9 a,b,c

4 Criticizing other people

Exercise 1

b • d • e • h •i •

Exercise 2 My family

a My dad will mend/is always

mending… b My brother will leave/is always

leaving… c My sister will borrow/is always

borrowing… d Uncle Tom will smoke/is always

smoking… e My grandpa would chew/was always

chewing… f Our great-grandma wouldn't turn

on/was always turning off...

5 Henry's Ј4.5 million secret Exercise 1

al b2 cl d3 e2 fl g2 hli3jlk211m3n2 o 3 p 3

Exercise 2

a believe d didn't g always b to e use h inherited c would f used

6 get, become, or be?

a get upset h became clear b became ill i got to know c 'm getting better got to like d to become j aren't used to

a pilot k has become a e '11 be ready bit of a bore 'm just getting 1 'm tired dressed m gets dark 've been ready n is becoming f 're lost more g are getting/ widespread are going to get/ have got divorced

7 Money Exercise 1 A+B

I took out a loan.

I exchanged some traveller's cheques.

I inherited my grandfather's farm.

We don't accept credit cards.

I need change for a fiver.

I earned over Ј2,000 in interest.

B + C

This new coat was a bargain.

His cheque bounced.

Inflation went up by 2%.

The exchange rate is good at the


My credit card expires at the end of


My piggy bank is full of 5p pieces.

Exercise 2 A lesson in thrift at the supermarket

a check-out i wallet b bar codes j cash c added k customers d bill 1 cut e pay m came to f salary n saving g cheque o change h overdrawn p receipt

8 Verb + object + preposition

a remind me so muchof b invest all our moneyin c insured our caragainst d congratulated meon

e was compensated… for f models herselfon g hide the truth from hheld her tightlyagainst/to i invited 300 gueststo j brainwashes peopleinto k inherit a pennyfrom 1 shouted abuseat m forgive himfor n was accused… of

9 Rhymes and limericks

Exercise 1

should good food nude bread said leaf chief choose lose taught court toes knows chef deaf hate weight through knew tight height wore pour full wool brain reign pool fool leave grieve blood mud foot put

Exercise 2 The Pelican

A rare old bird is a pelican

His beak can hold more than his belly


He can take in his beak

Enough food for a week, And I'm damned if I know how the hell he can!

The lady from Twickenham There was a young lady from Twickenham

Whose shoes were too tight to walk quick in 'em.

She came back from a walk

Looking whiter than chalk And she took them both off and was sick in 'em!

Unit 11

1 Real or hypothetical past? Exercise 1

a • d • h •

Sentences b, c, e, f, and g all express


Exercise 2

a X b • c X d X e • f X g X h • Exercise 3

a don't, d is. g was. b didn't, e won't, h don't. c can't, f do.

2 Present and past wishes Exercise 1

I wish you were rich. I wish I were rich. I wish you could come. I wish I could come. I wish you would come. I wish you had come.

Exercise 2

a could/ e had stayed

was able to f didn't speak/ b wasn't wouldn't speak c didn't g hadn't spent d hadn't gone h lived

3 Expressions of regret Exercise 1

a I wish I'd invited him to the party.

b You should have been watching ..,

c If only I hadn't said that to her.

d I wish I hadn't hit him.

e I'd rather you didn't tell her.

f I wish Megan didn't/wouldn't stay

out so late.

g If only we could come… h I should have worked harder ...

Exercise 2 (Sample answers)

a I wish I had a Rolls Royce.

b If only I could get a job.

c If only I could get to sleep. I wish it

were morning. d We should have booked some


e I wish I'd bought some petrol. f I wish she'd stop playing, (the cat


4 Making excuses Exercise 1

a If I hadn't had the shellfish, I

wouldn't have been ill. b I would have phoned you if I'd had

the time. c If I'd known the jumper was so

expensive, I wouldn't have bought

it. d I wouldn't have believed it if I

hadn't seen it with my own eyes.

Exercise 2

a If I'd known your address, I'd have

sent you a postcard. b If I'd known when your birthday

was, I'd have bought you a present. c If I'd set my alarm clock, I wouldn't

be late/have been late. d If I hadn't been taking my wife to

hospital, I wouldn't have broken the

speed limit.

5 May's disastrous day

Exercise 1

a… she'd set her alarm clock.

b… she hadn't been late again.

c… she wouldn't have locked herself

in the toilet and she wouldn't have

forgotten to meet Ben for lunch. d… he wouldn't have ended their

relationship. e… she wouldn't have lost a contact


f… she hadn't lost a contact lens. g… she wouldn't have had to wait at

the bus stop in the pouring rain/...

she wouldn't have got so wet. h… she hadn't waited at the bus stop

in the pouring rain/… she hadn't

got so wet. i… she hadn't forgotten to meet him

three times. j… it wouldn't have eaten the


Exercise 2

M Well, if you hadn't ended our relationship. I wouldn't have forgotten to feed the cat and then it wouldn't have eaten the budgie.

M Well, that was Ms Collins' fault. If she hadn't cancelled mv business trip. I wouldn't have been upset and

locked myself in the toilet and I wouldn't have forgotten to meet you for lunch.

B Ah! Now I understand everything. If you'd remembered to set your alarm clock, you wouldn't have overslept and you wouldn't have been late for work and Ms Collins wouldn't have cancelled your business trip and you wouldn't have been upset and forgotten our date.

6 Revision of all conditionals

a If I still feel sick. I won't go… b If you sold them, you'd make… c If I see her. I'll tell her… d If Alice hadn't gone… she wouldn't

have met… e 'If she didn't love him, she wouldn't

have married him.' f If you buy… you get one free. g A What would you do if you saw a ghost?

B I'd run a mile. h If we had brought… we would

know… i If you hadn't had ..., the house

would have burnt down. j If I were you, I'd apologize. k If he eats cheese, he gets… 1 If you listened… you would have

heardwouldn't be stuck here.

7 Words other than if Exercise 1

a Supposing e Were b in case f as long as c unless g Had d Providing h Should

Exercise 2

a I won't come unless they invite me. b Supposing he left you, what would

you do? c I'll join the tennis club provided

that you do/join too. d We're going to install a smoke

alarm in case there is a fire. e She won't get the job unless she

learns to speak French. f Imagine the lifeguard hadn't been

there, what would have happened? g I won't go out this evening in case

Paul rings. h I'll come at 8.00 as long as that's all

right with you.

8 Poor rich Mr Briggs

a wish b provided c unless d would e should f only g if h case i even j would k been 1 be m hadn't n would o hadn't

9 Physical appearance or personality?

Exercise 1

Physical appearance: curly spotty skinny freckled wrinkled bald well-built graceful bespectacled agile chubby smart

Personality: brainy nosy cheeky moody two-faced absent-minded narrow-minded quick-tempered affectionate hard-hearted big-headed smart

Exercise 2

to arm a country against the threat of

war to back out of an agreement/the car

out of the garage to elbow someone out of the way to eye someone with suspicion to finger the material gently to foot the bill for the meal to hand out the books to the class to head the ball into the net to shoulder the responsibility/blame to thumb through a book quickly to toe the line in a job or organization

Exercise 3

a. handed g were armed b elbow h toe c thumbed i fingering d eyed j have backed e was footing k shoulder f headed

10 Nouns from phrasal verbs

a breakdown g outlook b comeback h outbreak c hangover i breakthrough d check-up j feedback e outcome k takeaway f by-pass 1 downfall

11 Ways of pronouncing -ea-

Exercises 1 and 2 leibread: breath breadth deaf

thread death breast leapt

lead (n) health heaven jealous

meant weapon 1'r.lmeat: scream breathe cease

cheat heal beast leap lead (v)

reason lislfear: dear tear (n) spear

clear beard gear theatre

weary /es/wear: tear(v) bear pear


/ei/break: steak great ls:llearn: yearn earth pearl

hearse search

Unit 12

1 Adding information before

and after a noun Exercise 1

a There's a woman wearing a hat

pushing a pram. b I can see a boy being chased by a

dog. c A man is sitting on a bench reading

a newspaper and eating a sandwich. d There's a gardener with a cap on his

head cutting the grass. e A family is sitting under a tree

having a picnic. f I can see an ice-cream van with a

long queue. g There are some children in rowing

boats on the lake. h Some men are sitting fishing by the

side of the lake.

i There's a boy on a hill flying a kite. j I can see a boy on a bike riding past

the lake.

Exercise 2

a lawn mower f ice-cream van b litterbin g rowing boat c tennis racquet h fishing rod d goalposts i mountain bike e wheelbarrow j rollerblades

Exercise 3

a I'm going on a two-week adventure

holiday driving through the Sahara

Desert. b The judge gave her a five-year

prison sentence for kidnapping a

millionaire's son. c She's going to do a three-year

course in modern languages at

Oxford University. d Mercedes have brought out a new

two-door sports car with a top

speed of 150 miles per hour.

2 Articles Exercise 1

a a b the c the d a e (nothing), a, the f the g a, (nothing) h the, (nothing) i a. The, (nothing), the

Exercise 2

a An b the c a da

e (nothing) f an g a h the

i the j a/the k The la m the

n the o (nothing) p the q the

r (nothing) s his t The

u (nothing) v an w (nothing)

x (nothing) y the z A

3 Determiners

a All none i Each

b either both j either both

c both neither k Neither

d every 1 Either

e each m both either

f each n No

g no every o Each

h every

4 Demonstratives

a These f that k that b This g this 1 this c That h these m That d those i this n those e that j this o that

5 Emphatic structures

b The thing I don't understand is

where he gets his money from. c What I like about her is her sense of

humour. d It's the dark winter evenings I don't

like. e What those children need is firm

guidance. f The thing I don't like about Jenny is

the way she always has to know


g It isn't money I want, it's love. h What I can't stand about John is the

fact that he never buys you a drink. i The thing you have to remember

about Kathy is that she's sincere. j It's the fact that I'm rich and he

isn't that makes him jealous.

6 Emphasis in speaking

a I did do it.

b I did it. Sorry

c I knew John was coming.

d I knew that ages ago.

e I didn't tell her.

f I didn't tell her.

g I told you.

h I like Annie.

i I do like Annie. I think she's great.

j I like her.

7 Word order

a I was born in the middle of winter

in 1981. b She bought a new car with the

money her father had left her in his

will. c He walked with a limp, because he

had hurt his leg playing football. d I usually go shopping at Tesco's

because the prices are lower. e I go shopping early on Saturday

morning, before everyone else

arrives. f I'm going to London today to buy

a new coat for Jack. g You should put your money in the

bank immediately. h Last year we went to France on

holiday, but unfortunately the

weather was awful. i She tidied up her flat quickly/She

quickly tidied up her flat, because

her parents were coming to stay. j I'll never understand why she loves

him so passionately.

8 The passive voice

a Many of van Gogh's most famous paintings were completed in Aries in 1888, including Sunflowers. Just two years later he shot himself at the age of 37.

During his lifetime, he only sold one of his pictures. Today his art work is among the highest priced in the world. In 1989 Irises was bought for $53.9 million.

b I've been invited to Buckingham Palace to collect an award for a book I wrote a few years ago.

c Penicillin was discovered in 1929. Since then, it has saved many lives.

d Scientists working in America have discovered a drug that prevents the common cold. The drug will now be produced commercially, and it should be available soon.

9 Combining nouns

a the back of the chair

b the cat's milk

c toilet paper

d my parents' advice

e a bottle of wine

f road sign

g wine bottles

h The Prime Minister's duties/The

duties of the Prime Minister i The heel of my shoe j your hair brush k the end of the film 1 today's news m Underground station n my parents' wedding anniversary o The company's success/The success

of the company

p a fortnight's holiday q The government's economic

policy/The economic policy of the

government r the local state school s The annual rate of inflation t coffee cups u cup of coffee

10 Hot verbs set and break

Exercise 1

set off on a journey a bone in plaster fire to sth your alarm clock a good example a new world record your heart on doing. sth

break a bone skiing the sound barrier the law the old world record a promise someone's heart the speed limit

Exercise 2

a Teachers should set a good example

to ...

b You're breaking the speed limit. c I'll set the alarm clock for .,. d It broke his heart… e I set fire to the kitchen. f… is breaking the law. g… do we need to set off? h He's broken the old world record… i She's set a new world record. j I broke my arm… the doctor set

my arm in plaster… k You should never break a promise.

I… it breaks the sound barrier… m We've set our hearts on moving ...

II Noun + prepositions

a out of b in c on, by d for e in f between g for h to i about/on j with k to 1 of m on n to o in

12 Nouns and verbs

Exercise 1


advice /sdvais/ to advise /sdvaiz/ use /ju:s/ to use /ju:z/ abuse /sbju:s/ to abuse /sbju:z/ belief /bili:f/ to believe /brii:v/ relief /nli:f/ to relieve /nli:v/ grief /gri:f/ to grieve /gri:v/ excuse /ikskju:s/ to excuse /ikskju:z/ breath /bre6/ to breathe /bri:S/ half /ha:f/ to halve /ha:v/ house /haus/ to house /hauz/ safe /serf/ to save /seiv/ bath /ba:9/ to bathe /bei8/

Exercise 2

a belief g half half

b breath h use

c safe i being housed

d abuse j excuse

e bathing k grieve

f relief 1 advice

Unit 2

1 Present Perfect simple or

continuous? Exercise 1

a I've written to Auntie Fay to wish

her a happy birthday.

I've been writing my essay all

morning. b I've lost my car keys.

I've been losing weight recently.

c They've missed the train.

They've been missing you lots, so

come home soon. d She's been talking on the phone for


She's talked about this subject

before. e Paula's been leaving work late all

this week.

Paula's left work early today to

meet her uncle. f The cat's been going next door to

have its dinner.

The cat's gone upstairs. g He's had a heart attack.

He's been having second thoughts

about accepting the job. h I've been saving up to buy a new


I've saved up about Ј200.

1 I've been swimming which is why

my hair is wet.

I've swum twenty lengths today. j I've been finding it difficult to

concentrate recently.

I've found my cheque book at last.

Exercise 2

a 's been snowing

b have you travelled

c have lived 've been trying

haven't managed d have been arguing e 've eaten

f have been running g 's been crying 's failed h 've been sunbathing

2 Present Perfect/Past Simple

a Which school did he go to? b How long has he known Julian?

Since he was 11 years old. c How long has he been married to

Maria? d What did he do/was he doing in


He taught/was teaching English. e When did he return to England?

After his son was born. f How many times did he work as a

sales representative? g Where did he move to after

Caroline was bom? h How long has he been selling


Since he was fifty-five years old. i Has Paul had a successful career?

No, he hasn't, because he's now

selling clothes at Peckham market.

3 World's highest dustman Exercise 1

a lives g has found b has already h came

made i has collected c aims/'s aiming j has been d was working preparing e heard k 's training f was looking 1 succeeds

Exercise 2

a 'm beginning m try/'m trying/ b 'vedone 've been trying c feel n 's snowed/ d 've been 's been snowing learning/ o are sunbathing/

've learned have been e isn't/hasn't sunbathing

been p are checking/ f 've slept/'ve have been

been sleeping checking g 're staying q mentioned h dream r are thinking/ i haven't seen were thinking j feels s get k 've been telling/ t make

tell u get up 1 's been/is v to be lying

4 Present Perfect passive

a A yachtsman has been rescued in

the Pacific. b Valuable jewels have been stolen

from Harrods. c The missing boy has been found

alive. d MPs have been given a huge pay

rise. e Ten people have been killed by a

tornado in Texas. f An ancient tomb has been

discovered in Egypt. g 2,000 people have been made

redundant at British Aerospace. h A cure has been discovered for

teenage acne.

5 have something done

Exercise 1

a I had one hundred copies of my

report printed.

b She wants to have her ears pierced. c I'm going to have my eyes tested. d They've had their leaking roof

fixed. e We haven't had the photocopier

mended yet.

Exercise 2 (Sample answers)

They've had the cake decorated.

She's having her hair done.

She's had the wedding dress made.

She's having her nails manicured.

They've had the invitations printed.

They're having the photographs taken.

They had the champagne delivered.

She's having the bouquets delivered.

He had his hair cut.

He's having his feet massaged.

He had his suit fitted.

They'll be having the photographs


He had his shirt pressed.

She'll be having her wedding dress


6 Transport

Exercise 1

1 = Car; 2 = Bus; 3 = Train; 4 = Plane;

5 = Bicycle; 6 = Ferry

123456 get into/ ^ out of_________________

geton/• • • • • pit___________________

take off/ ^



drive^ f/________

catch/miss^ \/ >/____f/




Exercise 2 car: traffic lights one-way street

joyrider tyres trailer slip-road

spare tyre service station lay-by

seat-belt horn tunnel

traffic jam bus: traffic lights tunnel tyres

timetable spare tyre lay-by

horn traffic jam season ticket

ticket collector train: carriage tunnel ticket

collector platform timetable

track porter coach

season ticket plane: runway check-in desk

trolley tyres seat-belt cargo

hand luggage Customs cabin

life jacket bicycle: handlebars tyres crash

helmet traffic lights

one-way street ferry: deck life jacket gangway

jetty port horn cargo cabin


Exercise 3
















7 Prepositions of movement

a above/over/behind n in b out of o off c along/down/up p over d out of/through q across e along/down/up r towards f over s to g to t through h on/onto u on i round v by/beside j along/up/down w against k past x past/by 1 into y over m beside/by/at

8 Word stress

Exercise 1

a explorer exploration b Japan Japanese c optimist optimistic d industry industrial e economy economics f politics politician g origins original h opera operatic

Exercises 2 and 3

• • opera chocolates business broadcast

•• Japan create abroad hotel unique

• • • explorer religion delicious destruction illegal develop

• • • optimist industry politics origins traveller backpacker privileged organize passenger caravan photograph

••• Japanese overtake

• • • • exploration optimistic economics politician operatic prehistoric

• • • • industrial economy original discovery inhabitant experiment photographer

Unit 3

1 Past Simple and Past Perfect

Exercise 1

a fell i had cost

b had fallen j cost

c had felt/felt k flew

d felt 1 had never flown

e had had m caught

f had n had caught

g tore o had been

h had torn p were

Exercise 2

/: feel have cost catch ^:fall tear fly be

2 Past Simple or Continuous?

a played/was playing were winning


b was coughing/coughed didn't get c was playing hit made d wasn't thinking had e picked gave made f was pruning heard appeared

stung g was snowing got up

were making put raced

3 Past Simple or Past Perfect?

a didn't find had given b rang had just returned c had wanted did had come d had/had had burst/had burst

broke/had broken left/had left e went had been had had

decided f had been/was became

had earned gave g had eaten didn't fit h came had done had made

4 Time expressions Exercise 1

a3 b4 c2 d5 el f9 g6 h 10 i 8 j 7 k 13 1 14 m 15 n 12 o 11

Exercise 2

a Two years ago, while I was working

in Paris, my grandfather died. b As soon as I had fed the cat I did

my homework. c First I had a shower, then I got

dressed. d Since I was a child I had always

wanted to go to Australia, and I

finally went last year. e As he posted the letter he realized

he hadn't put a stamp on it. f By the time he'd finished speaking,

most of the audience had fallen


g Once I'd told him the truth I felt

better. h Until I tried/had tried waterskiing I

hadn't believed/didn't believe how

difficult it would be.

5 Puss in Boots

Exercise 1

1 had been staying, had just waved

2 were driving, was miaowing

3 crashed into

4 caught fire, arrived, pulled them out

5 had raced back

6 leapt up, ran away, was carrying

7 hadn't found

8 was lying awake, heard, woke, had been dreaming

9 crept, the noise was coming from, were bleeding, had found his way, had been walking

10 knitted, wore

Exercise 2

a were driving n was lying awake b had been o had been

staying dreaming c had just waved p heard d was miaowing q woke e crashed into r crept f caught fire s the noise was g arrived coming from h pulled them t had been

out walking i had raced back u had found his j was carrying way k leapt up v were bleeding 1 ran away w knitted m hadn't found x wore

Exercise 3

a Who had Jim and Rita been staying


b Why was Whiskers miaowing? c What happened to their car? d What was Rita doing when the car

exploded? e Why did Whiskers run away?/Why

did Whiskers leap into the air? f What had Rita been dreaming

about? g How long had Whiskers been

walking (for)? h Why did Rita knit him some baby


6 Active to passive

a A medieval temple was discovered

underneath the new housing estate. b The races were held indoors

because it was raining. c Our house had been broken into

and all my jewellery had been

stolen. d The leisure centre had been booked

for a children's party on Saturday. e The dishwasher was being fixed so I

couldn't leave the house. f Our hotel room still hadn't been

cleaned when we returned. g The fish hadn't been cooked for

long enough. It was still raw! h New traffic lights were being put up

at the crossroads.

7 Active and passive

Maudie Walker

a had just d was overcome

succeeded e suffered b was smiling f died c waving

Major Summerfield

a had died g had just caught b was fighting h struck c was struck i were paralysed d fell j was being e wasn't badly buried

injured k shattered f was fishing Rueben Tice

a wasn't e exploded b was working f was hit c hadn't slept g was killed d was putting/ h was covered

had been putting

8 The world of literature

Poetry: nursery rhyme character ballad verse paperback hardback

Prose: plot chapter autobiography character best-seller review science fiction novelist critic blockbuster fairy tale hardback whodunnit paperback thriller

Drama: plot act director

character backstage leading role .science fiction script review blockbuster props scenery critic rehearsal playwright whodunnit stalls thriller standing ovation performance

9 Words commonly confused

1 a 're waiting for b is expected c are looking forward to

2 a ground b floor c ground

3 a Actually b at the moment c really

4 a alone lonely b lone

5 a nervous b embarrassed c ashamed

6 a was usually taken b brought/brings c fetch

7 a Have you seen b were watching c Look at

10 Phrasal verbs type 1

Exercise 1

show off-boast turnup-arrive find out — discover own up — admit doze off- fall responsibility

asleep cheer up — be hold on — wait happier speak up — talk go out — stop

louder burning set off — begin a shut up-be quiet

journey stay in — not go blow up — explode out, stay at home settle down — have

a calmer, more

stable life

Exercise 2

a owns up i dozed off b went out j find out c '11 turn up k Shut up d set off 1 Hold on e Cheer up m Speak up f showing off ' n blew up g stay in h settled down

11 Diphthongs Exercise 1

a /pei/ e /dis/ b /rait/ f /boi/ c /faun/ g /tus/ d /round/ h /fea/

Exercise 2

a near e page b care f join c throw g town d flight h fewer

Exercise 3

1'v.l (2) /ei/ (1 ) /u:/(4) /so/(3)

/3:/(5) /3:/(6) /3:/(8) /I8/(7)

/s:/ (10) /a:/ (9)

/au/(ll) /so/(12)

/u:/ (13) /so/ (14)

/u:z/(17) /suz/(15) /aus/(16)

/u:z/(19) /u:s/(18)

/cm/(22) /u:m/(21) /sum/(20)

/ol/(23) /sul/(24) /Am/(26)

/somf (25) ls\l (27) (28) /ei/(29) /e/(30) /u/ (33) /u:/(32) /a/ (31) /ud/ (35) /sold/ (34) /su/(38) /a/(36) /o/(37)

Unit 4

1 Countable or uncountable?

a luggage f unemployment b food g accommodation c cash h health d corn i music e fruit j traffic

2 some or any?

a any d some any b some/any any e any any c Some any f some some

3 much or many?

a Is there much work ...? b I didn't spend much time .'… c Did they do much research ...? d They couldn't give me much

information… e There is too much traffic… f I didn't have too many problems...

4 The canteen

Exercise 1 (Sample answers) a There are lots of cheese sandwiches. b There are a few ham sandwiches. c There's a huge amount of spaghetti. d There's only a little rice and

vegetable curry. e There are a few hamburgers. f There are no chips. g There's hardly any fruit salad.

h There are a couple of bananas. i There aren't many doughnuts. j There's hardly any apple juice.

Exercise 2

a 's lots f are a few b a few g 's only a little c 's only a little h 've got a couple d aren't any (left) i a little e a little j lots

5 very little, a little, very few, a few, fewer, less

a a few chips

b a little whisky

c Children have less respect for their

teachers than they used to. d very few e a little Swedish f Fewer people. g Very few people h a few years

i There's very little I can do… j a few of them

6 From riches to rags Exercise 1

a many k all b hardly any/ 1 a large number

very little m very little/ c a few hardly any d a huge amount n fewer e no o less f few p none g nobody q a lot h much r a couple i most s anything j several t Something

Exercise 2

a Fred has no relatives. b Fred didn't talk to anyone about his

grief. c People were friendly to Fred

because he had a lot of money. d He invested a lot/a huge amount of

his money. e Fred had a little money left when

Barings went bankrupt. f Nobody helped Fred when he ran

out of money. g Fred has made a couple of real

friends. h Fred has learned a lot from his


7 something, anybody,

everyone, nowhereExercise 1

a somewhere h anywhere b anyone i someone c everywhere j something

anywhere anything d anything k anyone e everything 1 Everyone/ f nothing Everybody g nobody/no one

Exercise 2

a He told the police that he knew


He didn't tell the police anything. b I think they live somewhere in


I don't mind. I'll live anywhere in


c Anybody can cook. It's easy.

Nobody phoned you. Sorry. d I've searched everywhere.

I can't find it anywhere. e I thought I'd know somebody at the


I didn't know anyone at the party. f My parents never took me

anywhere when I was a kid.

My parents took me everywhere

when I was young. g Jane always got everything she


Jane didn't have anything to wear. h I've already had something to eat.

I've had nothing to eat.

8 all or every?

a everything b Everything c All d Every e All f All g All h all the i everything j all k Every

9 A piece of cake! Exercise 1

a jar of honey a can of beer/soup/

Coke a slice of bread/cake

a tube of toothpaste a piece of cake/

paper/bread a loaf of bread

a bottle of beer/Coke a bar of

soap/chocolate a box of chocolates

a tin of soup a sheet of paper

Exercise 2

a a piece/slice f slice of bread

of cake g many cans/ b a tin/can of bottles of beer

soup h bar of soap c sheets of paper i a jar of special d a box of apple blossom

chocolates honey, e bar of chocolate

10 Prepositions and nouns

Exercise 1


above/below/on averageon foot

under arrest over/under Ј500

above/below/over/under 75%

above/below freezing

over/under 18 years old

under new management

on holidayunder pressure

on business


at/by midnightduring/in the night

by/on New Year'sDay

by/during/in the winter

by/on Friday afternoon

at/by/during the weekend

in/on timein a fortnight's time

during/in the rush hourin his forties

Exercise 2

a over b in c on d at e on f on g By h On i at j during/ in k below 1 under m in n by o in

11 Sentence stress

a Well, I know he earns a lot more

• than me.

b What do you mean? He's already bought a brand new one.

c Didn't you know that all of Frank's

clothes are designer labels? d He has loads of them.

e No, in fact he's in Florida on

• holiday.

• • f Really? The girl I saw him with had

• • short, brown hair.

12 Phonetics

Exercises 1 and 2

Fruit: 'grapefruit pear 'pineapple 'cherry 'melon 'orange plum 'strawberry 'raspberry avo'cado 'mango

Vegetables: 'carrot 'cauliflower pea po'tato 'cabbage leek cour'gette 'parsnip 'cucumber 'sweetcorn 'spinach 'onion

Unit 5

1 Question tags

a You're going to work harder from

now on, aren't you? b I'll see you next week, won't I? c Kate's leaving soon, isn't she? d You'll ring when you get there,

won't you? e Our plane takes off at 4 p.m.,

doesn't it? f The decorators will have finished by

next week, won't they? g You aren't getting married next

week, are you? h We won't need tickets to get in, will


1 We'll be millionaires one day, won't

we? j Max won't be coming, will he?

2 will or going to?

a A 'm going to B '11 b A are going to B '11 c A 'm going to '11 B '11 d A 's going to/will B '11 e A 'm not going to B '11 f A '11 B 'm going to '11 g A 'm going to B '11 '11 h A 're going to/'ll B '11

3 What does John say?

a. I'll buy her a present.

b I'm going to study hard ...

c I'm seeing/going to see ...

d I think Manchester United will/are

going to win on Saturday. e I'm sorry. I'm going to be late. f My sister is going to have/having a

baby next March. g My plane takes off at 7.30 a.m.

from London, Heathrow. h I'll be lying on a beach in Spain this

time next week.

4 Future Cont. or Perfect?

a I'll have become ...

b I'll be running my own ,..

c I'll have moved to California.

d I'll be living in a mansion ...

e I'll have joined a ...

f I'll have married a ...

g I'll be earning over… h I'll have given up smoking.

5 A Hollywood interview Exercise 1

a are getting h will arrive b will have i are coming

exchanged j won't be c '11 make coming d are going to k are going to

tell have e are having 1 doesn't start f will you be m will be arriving

inviting n leaves g are coming o '11 be

Exercise 2

a will be e will be working

expecting f will be worried/ b '11 own worrying c will have fallen g won't have

out remembered/ d will be having/ won't remember

will have had h will want i won't agree

6 Correcting mistakes

a A What are you doing this weekend?

Bb A •

B Oh, no! What am I going to do? c A Is it true that Rachel is getting married to ...

Bd A •

B Yuk! You'll have to wake me up.

I can never get up… e A •

B… You'll be getting… f A •

B… It'll only take a… g A •

B… We're going to stay/

're staying at home. h A I'll ring you as soon as I arrive.


7 Future time clauses

a won't get eat sensibly.

b 're not moving to find/have found

c '11 love/'re going to love meet

d Are you going to learn 're

e won't go to bed have

f 's going to be 've finished

g don't do will you have to

h will deal are

i '11 feel have/have had

j try/have tried '11 never use

8 Health

Exercise 1 (Sample answers) a The nurse took the patient's

temperature. b The surgeon performed a difficult

operation. c The accident victim was carried on

a stretcher. d The toddler fell over and grazed his


e The teenager had spots on her face. f The pregnant woman felt faint in

the smoky atmosphere. g The old man had a heart attack.

h The tennis player sprained her

wrist. i The racing driver was lucky to

survive the crash. j The soldier was wounded in the


k The gardener was stung by a wasp. 1 The ferry passengers felt sea-sick

during the crossing. m The holidaymaker suffered from


Exercise 2

a injured f allergic to b dislocated g a blister c stitches h dizzy d pain i run down e a rash j damages

9 Hot Verbs be and have

Exercise 1

be on the safe side in touch with sb no point in doing sth off colour out of one's mind up to date in charge of sb/sth on one's mind

have the nerve to do sth sb round a word with sb a ball no chance of doing sth

Exercise 2

a be a bit off g had the nerve

colour h to be on the b '11 be in touch safe side c 're having Mel i have no chance

and Andy of

round j 'm in charge of d 's always on k having a ball

my mind 1 's no point in e 've been out m be up to date

of my mind f have a word

with you

10 Phrasal verbs types 2 and 3

a talked it over g look after him b take after her h look into it c sort it out i get over it d gone off her j work it out e call it off k putting me f put them away down

11 Sounds and spelling

Exercise 1

a won't /au/ want /r>/ b walk h:/ work ly.l c wonder /a/ wander lol d woman /u/ women /i/ e warm lo:l worm /3:/ f word /3:/ ward Iv.l g wear leal weary list h weight /ei/ weird /is/

Exercise 2

a phone e weak h height b blood f lower i pear c love g north j layer d through

Unit 6

1 General knowledge quiz

Ib 2a 3a 4c 5b 6a 7c 8b 9c 10 a

2 Defining or non-defining?

Exercise 1

aD bD cND dD eND f D g ND h D i ND j ND

Exercise 2

a… who could teach me ...

b… that has four bedrooms.

c… Romeo and Juliet, which is one of

the best films I've ever seen. d… that sells second-hand furniture? e Marilyn Monroe, whose real name

was Norma Jean Baker, died of an

overdose of barbiturates. f… who lose their temper… g My computer, which I bought just

last year, is already out of date. h I met a girl I went to school with. i Professor James Williams, who is

considered to be the world's expert

on butterflies, will… j I bought a ham and pickle

sandwich, which I ate immediately.

3 Punctuation and omitting the pronoun

a The thing that I most regret is not

going to university. b My two daughters, who are 16 and

13, are both interested in dancing. c (no change) d (no change) e (no change) f Salt, whose qualities have been

known since prehistoric times, is

used to season and preserve food. g TheCD -that I bought yesterday

doesn't work. h You know the book -that you paid

Ј20 for? I just got it for Ј5. i (no change) j Devon, where my mother's family

comes from, is famous ...

4 All relative pronouns Exercise 1

a Have I told you recently how much I

love you? b I have to do what I believe to be

right. c I love garlic in all my food, which is

why I'm always brushing my teeth. d We're emigrating to Australia,

where my brother lives. e I met a girl whose hair came down

to her waist. f I passed all my exams, which greatly

surprised my teachers. g Let me know when you expect to

arrive. h Being generous, I'll buy you

whatever you want.

Exercise 2

a who i where b that j that c where k whose d which 1 (nothing) e (nothing) m where f whose n which g which o Whatever h (nothing)

5 Prepositions in relative clauses

a This is the book I was telling you


b She's a friend I can always rely on. c That's the man the police were

looking for. d She recommended a book by

Robert Palmer, who I'd never heard

of. e The carpet which you paid Ј500 for

has been reduced to Ј200. f The Prime Minister, whose views I

agree with, gave a good speech. g He spoke about the environment,

which I care deeply about. h What's that music you're listening

to? i Her mother, who she looked after

for many years, died last week. j My daughter has started smoking,

which I disapprove of.

6 Participles as adjectives

a screaming k boring

b satisfied 1 tiring

c disgusting m unexpected

d confusing n disturbing

e loaded o thrilling

f exposed p relaxing

g conceited q blocked

h frightening r disappointed -

i exhausting s well-behaved

j disappointing t promising

7 Participle clauses Exercise 1

a People living… b Letters posted… c The train standing… d… passengers trapped… e… litter dropped… f… house overlooking ...

Exercise 2

a finishing f knowing b stolen g explaining c saying h Taking d Feeling i directed e borrowed j studying

8 / didn't know what to do

a… what time to invite people.

b… whether to invite Suzie or not.

c… how to use e-mail.

d… what drink to buy.

e… how many people to invite.

9 Micro Mad Max

a 10 b 13 c 7 d 9 e 1 f 2 gl4 h4 ill j3 k5 16 m 12- n 8

10 a three-mile walk

a a ten-pound g a ten-page letter

note h a three-year b a four-week course

language course i a ten-year c a three-hour sentence

drive j a five-star hotel d a three-course k a 30-mile-an-

meal hour speed e a two-week limit

holiday 1 a two-hundred-f a two-hour year-old house


11 People, places, and things

People: obstinate cunning spoilt

aggressive arrogant easy-going Places: breathtaking unspoilt

picturesque deserted overgrown

overcrowded Things: automatic hand-made

accurate waterproof artificial


12 Similar words

a illegible g truthful b unreadable h true c childish i intolerant d childlike j intolerable e sensitive k economic f sensible 1 economical

13 Adjective + preposition

a of b with, for c for d of e of f with/in g from, to h about i to j of k of 1 for m for n about o with

14 Silent consonants

Exercise 1 A

industry computer continent recipe eccentric insect lamp hooligan stadium forest citizen B

bomb listen gadget honest receipt mortgage fasten heirloom whistle straight fascinating sandwich exhausted

Exercise 2

a scientific g climb b psychologist h grandfather c handsome i campaign d research j Wednesday e Christmas k calm f friendship 1 whisky

Unit 7

1 Basic verb patterns

a I enjoy cooking. I find it very

creative. b I look forward to seeing you again

soon. c You need to book if you want to eat

at Guide's. d I finished painting the bathroom

last night. e My dad promised to buy me a

stereo if I passed my exams. f I hope to see you again soon. g Anna chose to wear her black suede

skirt for the party. h What do you feel like doing

tonight? i I can't afford to buy anything. I'm

broke. j I can't stand waiting in queues. It

really annoys me. k Beth helped me do the washing-up.

1 What would you like to do tonight?

2 Using a dictionary Exercise 1

a… they stopped to ask for ...


c I stopped playing ...

d The rain was so heavy… to stop

the kitchen from flooding. e… stopped me to ask why… f… the sun stopped shining.


h… stop his son from going to ...

Exercise 2 a •

b I avoid travelling ...

c Have you considered working ...

d We expected him to arrive ...


f I've arranged to collect...


h I can't help loving… i I offered to give ...


1 I suggest we go to a restaurant… m I want you to come home early.

3 More complex verb patterns

Exercise 1 (Sample answers)

My brother wants me to fix his bike.

Our hosts would hate us to be late.

My aunt would love me to visit her

more often.

The doctor warned his patient not to

work so hard.

My parents expect me to do well in my


The guide advised the tourists to stay


The policeman told the driver to slow


We invited all our friends to come to a


The teacher made her class do the

exercise again.

My grandparents let us do what we


I'd like my son to take over my


Exercise 2

a I didn't expect to see Ben… b We've been invited to dinner… c I need to have a hair-cut. d I'm looking forward to seeing you

in June. e I can't decide what to have for


f The teacher let us go home early. g But she made us do… h Do you mind waiting for a minute? i I'd rather have tea. j I suggest we wait before we… k She offered to lend me some money. 1 He asked me not to make a noise. m I apologized to my neighbours for

waking them.

4 -ing or infinitive?

a to think getting

b to lock falling

c making to make

d to buy meeting

e to do asking

f to play to rain

g to speak painting

h cooking to cook to pay

5 Adjectives, nouns, and prepositions

Exercise 1

a impossible e delighted

b nice f kind

c safe g sorry

d mean h interesting

Exercise 2

a time to go e need to shout b way to skin f things to do c idea to visit g money to pay d anyone to talk h nothing to wear

Exercise 3

a for arriving g at remembering b by doing h of buying c about going i for coming d without asking j like going e with having k of being stung f for making

6 Forms of the infinitive

a have forgotten g to disturb b to be selected h be working c to pay i to have seen d to have met j to be e to be recognized

dry-cleaned k have told f to be having 1 to be handed

7 /don't want to

a7 b9 c6 d2 el flO g 4 h 3 i 5 j 8

8 The house that Jack built

a to work i repaying b to pay j to give c leaving k to celebrate d to do 1 doing e to lend m to build f listening n living g working o being h to make

9 Verbs of perception

a singing f waiting b slam g being built c cooking h laughing d playing i eat

sunbathing j shoplifting e pick rip take put

10 Compound nouns

a blood test blood pressure

blood donor

b campsite building site bomb-site c waterfall water-melon

water-skiing d greenhouse greengrocer

green salad

e nightclub nightmare night shift f briefcase suitcase bookcase g paper bag plastic bag


h rainbow raincoat raindrop i sunshine sunrise sunset j roadworks road sign road rage k blackboard floorboard


1 daylight daybreak day-dream m handshake handwriting


n ice-cube iceberg ice-rink o birthday cake birthday present

birthday card

p landscape landlady landslide q sports car sports centre

sports ground r address book visitors' book


11 Phrasal verbs type 4

a away from g up for b down on h away with c on with i up with d up to j out with e down on k up against f away with 1 in with

12 Weak and strong forms Exercise 1

a She isn't going to learn from this

experience, but he is. b I've heard that you're thinking of

moving from London. Are you? c They have dinner at seven, don't

they? d You'll be able to get a ticket for me,

won't you? e Rye got no idea who this letters

from. f Can't you remember who Bill used

to work for? g I've been^ waiting for you to come.

Where were you? h We'd been looking forward to

coming for ages, then at the last

minute we weren't able to. i Won't you sit down for a couple of


Exercise 2

A What are you doing at the

weekend? A We're going to Scotland. Do you

want to come too? A We've decided to camp. None of us

can afford to pay for a hotel. A No we won't. We've got strong

tents, lots of warm clothes, and

thick sleeping bags. A Of course we have, and it's pretty

warm for October. A Excellent. I'll tell the others. They'll

be delighted. We'll pick you up at

six on Friday. See you then.


Unit 8

1 How certain?

a •• b • c •• d •• e • f •• g • h •• i •j •• k ••1 ••

2 Present probability

a She must be missing her boyfriend.

b It'll be Tom.

c She can't still be sleeping.

d They should be in the top drawer.

e They could be having a party.

f He must have a deadline to meet.

g It might be difficult driving to

work. h She may be hiding in the wardrobe.

3 Past probability Exercise 1

a She must have got engaged to Andy. bHe can't have cut it for ages. c They must have been doing

something naughty. d She must have been making a cake. e They can't/must/might have gone

without me.

f He can't have had a party last night. g They should have arrived home by

now. h She might have mislaid my number.

Exercise 2

a It must have been blown down by

the wind. b They must have been washed with

something red.

c It can't have been mended properly. d It can't have been given enough to

eat. e They can't have been watered for a

long time. f It must have been shattered by a


Exercise 3 (Sample answers) If I go to India I can see the Taj Mahal.

If I go to India I will see… If I go to India I might see… If I go to India I may see… If I went to India I would see… If I went to India I might see… If I went to India I could see… If I'd gone… I might have seen… If I'd gone… I would have seen… If I'd gone… I could have seen ...

4 Deductions about the present and past

a must be making b could have used might have

climbed up c would have been d may have been joking can't have

spent must have misheard e should be touching down

must be will already have landed. f could be snowing can snow

5 Meaning check

a ability g sure

b permission h possibility

c permission i gave ...

d advice not necessary

e asking j ought

f manage

6 Which modals fit? Exercise 1

a should/ought to

b Can/Could/May/Might

c must/have to/should

d can

e will/could/may/might/should/

ought to f can g have to h could/may/might/should/

ought to/must i can/could/may/should/ought to/

must/have to j must/have to

Exercise 2

a shouldn't f was able to b don't have to g should have c couldn't gone d won't h mustn't e cannot

7 Obligation and permission

Exercise 1

1 will not marry 5 may not visit

2 can only keep 6 cannot ride

3 should 7 shall sweep command 8 will dress

4 must be at must be

home 9 may not travel

Exercise 2

a had to couldn't

b had to weren't allowed to/couldn't

c didn't have to was also allowed

couldn't/weren't allowed to d weren't allowed to/couldn't e were forbidden to/weren't allowed

to/couldn't f had to weren't allowed to/couldn't

8 Present to past

a I had to take… b They must have been away… c We couldn't see the top… d He can't/couldn't have been… e We weren't allowed to/were

forbidden to/couldn't… f He wouldn't go to bed. g That would have been John… h You should have been more careful. i You didn't have to do this exercise.

9 Positive to negative

a You mustn't stop here. b We didn't have to learn… c They didn't have to take… d He can't be speaking Swedish. e We didn't have to wear… f You won't have to help me ...

10 need and needn't have Exercise 1

aV bM cV dV eV fM g M h V i V j M

Exercise 2

a mustn't f didn't need to b needn't/ take/didn't have

don't have to to take c have to/need to g got to d don't need to/ h needn't have

don't have to bought e needn't have


11 Words that go together

a C bA cD dB eD fC gB hA iC jA kB ID m C n D

12 A word puzzle












Mystery word: CELEBRITIES

13 Verb + preposition

a for b about/for/at c of d from e in f to g in h in i to/with j to, about

14 Consonant clusters and

connected speech Exercise 1

a doesn't i thrilled b shouldn't j marvellous c mustn't k excitement d muscles 1 sixth e crashed m impressed f distinctly n length g special o comfortable h grumbled

Exercise 2

a The car windscreen's smashed. b My uncle's sprained his ankle. c This cream doesn't taste fresh. d You don't have to scream. e These white jeans must have

shrunk. f She arrived dressed in the latest


g He doesn't know his own strength. h He can't have fixed it properly.

Unit 9

1 Negative auxiliaries

a don't e isn't h doesn't b didn't f won't/ i hadn't c haven't isn't j hasn't d aren't g 'm not

2 no, not, -n't, or none?

a not b n't c not d not e no f Not g none h no i n't j not k Not 1 none m No n no o None p Not

3 Making sentences mean the opposite (Sample answers) a None of the students passed the

exam, so their teacher was

furious/disappointed. b Tom was an unsuccessful

businessman who achieved very

little in his life. c Our house is easy to find. No one

ever gets lost. d We had a terrible time in Venice. — .

There were too many people there. e You mustn't exercise your ankle. Try

not to move it at all. f I don't have to iron my shirt. I'm

not going out tonight. g You don't need to/needn't come

with me. I'll go on my own. h I wasn't in a hurry because I didn't

need to go to the shops. i You ought not to have given the dog

anything to eat. j I told you not to go to work. Why

aren't you in bed?

4 / don't think you're right

a. I don't suppose you've got… b The machine doesn't seem to be


c I didn't think it was going to rain. d They don't want their daughter to

marry a footballer. e I didn't expect to see you… f I don't suppose you've seen… g I don't think I'd like snails. h I don't expect you remember me.

i She doesn't seem to like her job. j I don't believe she got grade A ...

5 Buzz Aldrin

a When did man first walk on the


b Who went first? c How long has Buzz Aldrin been

travelling the world? d Where was he born? e Which military academy did he

graduate from?

f Where did he serve as a pilot? g When was he chosen as an

astronaut? h When was Apollo 11 launched to

the moon?

i How long did the mission last? j What happened to Buzz when he


k What did he suffer from? 1 How many children did he have

from his first marriage? m How many times has he been


n Who saved him from self-destruction? o Who do they live with? p How many cars do they have? q What sort of books has he written? r When was Encounter with Tiber

published? s What does he do with himself these


6 Dialogues

a Who made that mess ...?

What were you doing?

When are you going to tidy it up? b What was it like?

Who did you talk to?


What went wrong?

What about? c What for/Why?

Who was he attacked by/Who by?

What was he doing/Where was he

when ...?

How is he?

Which hospital was he taken to?

How long is he going to be in


7 Questions and prepositions

Exercise 1

a by b to c at d on e for f in g about h of i from j with

Exercise 2

a Whatabout? e Who for? b Where to? f Who to? c Whatabout? g What with? d How long for?

8 How… 7 and What… like?

a What's he like?

b How was school today?

c What was the food like?

d How was your journey?

e What's the weather like?

f How is/was she?

g What's it like?

h How's your job these days?

9 Negative questions

a2 bl c3 d4 e5 f6 g 8 h 7 .i 9 j 10 k 12 1 11

10 Antonyms and synonyms A B

unkind cruel dishonest deceitful incredible unbelievable disappear vanish unfair biased displeased annoyed discontinue halt unfasten undo abnormal exceptional unemployed redundant unfriendly hostile distrust suspect unprofessional amateur unknown anonymous discover/uncover reveal unsafe hazardous abuse/misuse damage improbable unlikely unimportant trivial unemotional reserved

11 Hot Verbs keep and /ose Exercise 1

keep calm a promise going

in touch with sb sb company

your nerve a secret sb waiting

your temper fit lose weight your way your nerve

your temper

Exercise 2

a keep in touch e lost my nerve b lost my temper f keep fit c keep going g Keep calm d keep a secret h lost my way

12 Phrasal verbs and nouns

that go together Exercise 1

come up with a new idea, a plan beatup an old man, a victim of a

crime break into a house, a flat, to steal

something break off a relationship, an


bring out a new product on the market bring up children to be honest and

hard-working clear out a cupboard and throw out

what you don't want count on your best friend to help you deal with a problem, a complaint, a

difficult customer drop out of a university course after

one year fit in with the other people in the


look up to someone you respect point out a fact that someone might

not be aware of take back what I said -1 didn't mean

it tell off a naughty child

Exercise 2

a clear out h come up with b are bringing out i told Tom off c broke into j deal with d beat him up k fit in with

e looked up to 1 drop out of f I take it all back. m count on g I'll point him out n brought me up

13 Intonation in question tags Exercise 1

a aren't you? V g aren't I? V b wasn't it? V h have you? A c could you? A i isn't it? V d isn't he? V j weren't we? V e isn't it? V k would you? A f has he? A 1 had we? V

Exercise 2

a You like that car, don't you? V b Vanessa, you're going to Rome next

week, aren't you? A c That was awful, wasn't it? V d You haven't borrowed my new coat

again, have you? A e You couldn't water my plants while

I'm away, could you? A

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