Реферат: My favorite writer


My favorite writer

Anton Kondrashowform 8 B

Minsk 2003

I'm fond of reading. Usually I borrow booksfrom the library, but I have a lot of them at home, too. I like to read booksabout the history of our country, about famous people and the life of mycontemporaries abroad. Literature means much in my life. It helps to form thecharacter and the world outlook, to understand life better. My favoririteEnglish writer is Daniel Defo: he was thefounder of the realistic novel. He was also a brilliant journa-list and in manyways the father of modern English periodicals. He founded and paved the way formany magazines ( «The Revue», «The Spectator»). DD was bornin London, his father a butcher, was wealthy enough to give his sone a goodeducation. D was to become a prist, but it was his cheariched desire to becomewealthy. His wished was never fullfield. D was banckrote several times. He wasalways in deep debt. The inly branch of business in which he proved succesfulwas journalism and literature. When D was about 23 he started writtingpamphlets on question of the hour. He started writting pamphlets prassing KingWilliam 3, who was supported by the whig party. D wrote a setire in woth. Nomatter in whose defends his brilliant pamphlets were written they are irony wasso subtle, that the enemy didn't understand it at first. But as soon as hisenemy realised the real character of the pamphlets D was sentensed to 7 yearsinprisonment. It was a cruel punishment, and when the came for him to be set freepeople carried him on their shoulders… This was the climax of his politicalcareer and the end of it. In 1719, he tried his hand at another kind ofliterature — fiction, and wrote the novel he is now best known: «RobisonCrusoe». After the book was published, D became famous and rich and wasable to pay his creditors in full. Other novels which D were also very muchtalked about during his lifetime, but we do not hear much about them now. Forexample «Captain Singleton»(1720), «Moll Flanders»(1722).  My famous bookis Robinson Crusoe: It was about Scotish sailor, who lived quite alone 4 yearsand 4 month on a desert island. Defoe's hero, however spend 26 years on a desertisland. The novel was a prase tohuman labour and the triumph the men over thenature. Labour and fortitude help Robinson to endure hardships. They save himfrom dispair. The very process of hardwork gives his satisfaction. R's mostcharacteristic tract is his optimism. His guiding prencipal in life was:«never said die» and «in trouble to be troubles is to have yourtrouble double.» In his book Defo deseccribes adventures of people take risks. Hisbooks tought us to be clever and brave. There are many famous people in our republik. First of all I'd like to mention the name of our outstandingnational writers Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas. They created a new BelarusianLiterature and a Belarusian literatury language. Both are considered to be theclassics of Belorusian literature. These names are followed by a number ofother well-known writers and poets, such as K.Krapiva, Brovka, Tank, Byikov, Korotkevich, Gilevich, Adamovich known both in our country andabroad. Their names are sure to become history whatever it may be.

I  like to read books very much !!!

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