Реферат: California Los-Angeles. Places of interest
ЮЖНО-САХАЛИНСКИЙ ЛИЦЕЙЭКОНОМИКИ И ПРАВА
Работа по английскому языку
За курс средней
Ученица 11 технического класса
Нуреева Виктория АлексеевнаРуководитель
Учитель английского языка
Table ofContents.Introduction.……………………………………………………………..……………3I. California1.1. California today………………………………………………………………………….41.2.The History of Los AngelesCounty……………………………………………………4
2.1. Los Angelesnow………………………………………………………………………..7
2.3. Six Flags MagicMountain…………………………………………………………….14
California,Los Angeles, Disneyland, Hollywood, Beverly Hills…have you ever heard thesenames? I am sure you have. What are these places, where are they situated,what is their history? I am sure this question have at least onece stirred yourcuriosity. In my work I’ve tried to cover all these most interesting questions,including history, places of interest their description and even parks’entrance fees. I hope my work will help you to get better acquainted with oneof the most beautiful state of the USA – California and its one of the mostgougeous cities – Los Angeles, or a City of Angels.I.California.
California is perhaps the most unique state in the USA.It leads the country in manufacturing and farming. Its area is the 3rd in thecountry and it has the largest population, of which the white people constituteless than 50%. It is the most popular place to spend vacations — hiking inNational parks, swimming in the Pacific Ocean and sightseeing in the cities.Such well-known places as Hollywood Disneyland, Death Valley, and the San DiegoZoo are located in California. First European settlements in Californiawere Spanish, and in 1821, when Mexico became independent, it became its part.In 1848 the United States took control over this state. And on September 9,1850, it became the 31 state of the USA.
Ø Capital- Sacramento.
Ø Population — 29,839,250 (1st).
Thestate symbols are:
Ø Bird — California ValleyQuail,
Ø Flower — Golden Poppy,
Ø Motto — «Eureka» («I have found it»),
Ø Song — «I love you,California»,
Ø Tree — CaliforniaRedwood.
1.2.The History of Los Angeles County.
WhenSpanish occupation of California began in 1769, an exploratory expedition ofmore than 60 persons led by Gaspar de Portola moved north through the area nowknown as Los Angeles. They camped by a river where fertile soil andavailability of water for irrigation impressed members of the party. FatherJuan Crespi, who accompanied the group, saw the location as having all therequirements for a large settlement. He named the river El Rio de NuestraSenora la Reyna de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, which means “TheRiver of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciuncula.”
In September 1771 Father Junipero Serra and a group of Spaniardsfounded the San Gabriel Mission as the center of the first«community» in an area inhabited by small bands of Gabrielino Indians.
Twelve years after Portola's trek, which began in San Diego andended in Monterey, a company of settlers called «Los Pobladores» wererecruited in the states of Sonora and Sinaloa in Mexico. Their mission, underauthority of Governor Felipe de Neve, was to establish pueblos in the name ofthe king of Spain.
On September 4, 1781, the Pobladores, a group of 12 families — 46men, women and children led by Captain Rivera y Moncada — established acommunity in the area discovered by Portola, and named it El Pueblo de NuestraSenora la Reyna de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, after the nearby river. Overtime, the area became known as the Ciudad de Los Angeles, «City ofAngels,» and on April 4, 1850 became the City of Los Angeles.
California was ruled by Spain until 1822 when Mexico assumedjurisdiction. After a two-year period of hostilities with Mexico beginning in1846, the area came under U.S. control. In 1848 the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgomade California a United States territory.The County of Los Angeles wasestablished on February 18, 1850 as one of the 27 original counties, severalmonths before California was admitted to the Union. It derived its name fromthe area known as Los Angeles, already a large community, and made it thedesignated «seat» of County government.
On April1, 1850 the people of Los Angeles County asserted their newly won right ofself-government and elected a three-man Court of Sessions as their firstgoverning body. A total of 377 votes were cast in this election. In 1852 theLegislature dissolved the Court of Sessions and created a five-member Board ofSupervisors. In 1913 the citizens of Los Angeles County approved a charterrecommended by a board of freeholders which gave the County greater freedom togovern itself within the framework of state law.Land Area 4,081.58 Square Miles Unincorporated Area 2,653.5 Square Miles Flat Land 1,741 Square Miles Mountains 1,875 Square Miles Hilly Land 246 Square Miles Islands 131 Square Miles Mountain Valleys 59 Square Miles Marsh Land 28 Square Miles
The official flag of the county of Los Angeles is blue,green and gold.The blue signifies clear skies. The greenborder is to keep Los Angeles beautiful and the gold lettering «county ofLos Angeles» stands for the land of opportunity for everyone since goldwas discovered in California.
Theseal is the official seal of the County of Los Angeles.
The flag was approved on October 17, 1967 by the Board ofSupervisors and flew for the first time in front of the County Courthouse onMarch 28, 1968.
2.1. Los Angeles now.
LosAngeles teems with excitement both sunup and sundown. Los Angeles is ayouthful, vibrant city, proud of her well extablished roots.
Claimed for Spain by Portuguese conquistador JuanCabrillo in 1542, the sleepy Indian village of 4000 was named ElPueblo NuestraSenora la Reina de Los Angeles – “The city of Our Lady Queen of the Angels.”
Today the “City Of Angels” hosts an assortment oflifestyles and a population of nearly three million, with over seven million inLos Angeles Country.
The boundaries econompass over 463 square miles of urban,desert, mountain and coastl landscapes. This area is large enough to hold thecombined cities of St. Louis, Cleveland, Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Boston,Pittsburgh, Manhattan and San Francisco.
Los angeles basks in a mediterranean climate and 350 daysof golden sun yearly. The dry summers and comfortable winters make L.A. theenvy of the nation.
BeverlyHills is the world-famous meeting place for the elite and the curious visitor.Rolls Royces, Mercedes and Jaguars line the streets, and the famous andnot-so-famous stroll these chic boulevards in search of recognition and fashiontrends. Gucci, Pucci, Giorgio’s, Tiffany’s and a host of other prestigiousstores add glamour and excitement to the shoping scene.
Just around the corner, nestled under the landmarkH-O-L-L-Y-W-O-O-D sign, Hollywood thrives on the creative energies of filmdirectors, actor, dancers and music makers. Universal Studios, once acombination movie studio and chicken ranch, is now the world’s largest motionpicture studio. Universal’s back lot stretches over more then 420 acres.Soundstages, western sets, Mexican villages, and New York city streets come tolife in a make-believe world.
Just over the hill-thrills, spills and excitement awaitat Southern California’s exciting theme parks. Six Flags Magic Mountain offersmore than 100 rides and atractions to entertain the entire family. Visit thenation’s oldest theme park – Knott’s Berry Farm, where the “old west” inintertwined with an abundance of heart-skipping rides. And, of course, theworld famous internationsl playground – Disneyland, offers fun and fantasy forall ages.
Dozens of additional atttractions surround Los Angeles,from Magic Mountain to the majestic Queen Mary complex, reigning over LongBeach Harbor. Beautiful Catalina Island is a secluded playground where sunning,surfing, sailing and relaxing are just “twenty-six miles across the sea.” Themangnificent beaches of Malibu, Santa Monica, Venice, Manhattan, Hermosa andRedondo all give thousands of fisherman, surfers, swimmers, cyclists, joggersand sun orshipers a haven year ‘round.
One of the newest attractionin the “City of Angels” is Downtown. Beautifully decorated hotels, bold andattractive condominiums, and modern high rise office complexes are just a fewreasons for its soaring popularity. The crown jewel of downton Los Angeles isthe exquisiti Los Angeles Music Center for the Perfoeming Arts. This complez isone of the finest music and dramatic arts centre inthe United States today. TheCenter, knowing worldwide as the home of the Annual Academy Awards, is acomplex of three thetres :the malestic Dorothy chandler Pavilion; the MarkTaper Forum; and the Ahmanson Thetre. All three provide year-round entertaimentwith symphonies, operas, musical comedies and dramatic presentation. Ticketsfor most productions are easily obtainable at very reasonable prices.
Los Angeles’ Spanish heritage is forever enshrined and enjoyedit the rustic xharm of Olvera Street. The original block-long El Pueblo retainsa latin flavor with traditional Spanish costumes, the aroma of Mexican food andthe display of Mexican products. This colorful and festive street recalls thedays when Los Angeles was but a dusty, sleepy pueblo.
Downtown is also home for the largest Japanese communityin the US. Little Tokyo, like its neighbors, Chinatown and Olivera Street,provides a unique and shopping opportunity. Fine Cantonese, Mandarin, Chinese,Japanese and Mexican restaurants abound in these three ethnic communities.
Few businesses express the tumultuous excitement as doesthe garment industry (bordered by Maple and Olive Streets and 7thand 36th Streets). Here vociferous buyers and sellers shout andcajole about the newest fashions and fabrics. Sidewalks overflow with racks ofclothes being dalivered to display rooms. Visitors discover excellent buys ibthe retail out ouylets lining the streets.
Another exciting Downtown experience is the beautifulAtlantic Richfield Plaza, which is the world’s largest subterranean shoppingcentre. Two floofs with over fifty shops are located beneath the worldheadquarters for Atlantic Richfield company and the Los angeles base for Bankof America (the location is easily identified be the massive 520story twinblack towers). The Plaza is a delightful blend of international charm withstreets depicting the charmps Elysee, Avenida del Mercado, Via Portofino andPicadilly Circus. An exciting array of clothing stores, speciality gift shops,restaurants, and even a Post office and Catholic Ahapel are available to thevisitor.
“What I want Disneyland tobe the most of all is a happy place – a place where adults and children canexperience together some of the wonders of life. Of adventure, and feel betterbecause of it.”Walt Disney
Disneyland is a thousanddifferent impressions – from a space flight to a castle – a carrousel calliopeto a jazz band. It’s flovers and fireworks, popcorn and ice cream. And it’s thesounds of laughter and the sight of smiling faces – sights and sounds whichyou’ll remember long after your day in the land of the young and happy at heartis over.
Walk past the famous floralMickey at the Main Entrance and into a small town way of life from America’spast. On Main Street, U.S.A., you’ll see sights and sounds from a time whenlife was as leisurely as a ride on Horse-drawn Street Car and as innocent asthe antics of a silent movie ster. Browse in the turn-of-the-centuy Emporium orride the shiny Disneyland Railroad. From the color and music of a hometownparade to the nostalgic flavor of an old-fashioned treat, you'’l experience thejoy of recalling fond memories while you create new ones on Main Street, where bothsides of the street are always sunny.
Whether your visions ofsugarplums include lollipops or luscious chocolates, your sweet toot is rightat home on Main street where treats come flavored with favorite childhoodmemories.
A fruit vendor’s cart displaysfresh,crisp wares while flovers bloom eveywhere. The saxophone band entertainson street corners and a marching band makes you tap your toes. Every sight andsound on Main Street is guaranteed to make you fell “red, white, and blue ” allover!
Entertainment on Main Streetcomes in lots of shapes, sizes, styles, and smiles. Disney cartoons at the MainStret Cinema serve up hearty helpings of laughter, while shops like the CrystalArcade offer keepsakes to treasure. Or learn a magic trick or two at the MainStreet Magic Shop. Just remember – on Main Street fun comes the old-fashionedway – you make it yourself!
Donyour pith helmets and enter the land where adventure reigns, but beware theeyes of Mara! The Indiana Jones Adventure takes you deep into the jungle toexplore the hidden Temple of the Fobidden Eye. You’ll encounter shriekingmummies, an avalanche of creepy crawlies, a rickety bridge, and experience aterrifying confrontation with the ancient diety Mara. Remember…many have come,but few have retuened!
Novisit to Adventureland could be complete without taking the famous JungleCruise, which has been a highlight of the Disneyland experience since the Parkopened. But are you daring enough to brave charging hippos, hungry alligators,splashing elephants – and your guide’s outrageously funny puns?
Exoticcolor and patterns catch the eye. Spicy scents tempt the tastebuds. Whether youunearth gifts at the Adventureland South Sea Traders and Adventureland Bazaaror track down new tastes at The Bengal Barbecue and Aladdin’s Oasis, greatdiscoveries await you at this “outpost of civilization.”
Theultimate treehouse fantasy, the swiss Family Treehouse was inspired by theliving quartes of the famous family of film and furnished from airy rooms to aningenious waterwhel. The Treehouse is a fanciful tribute to the kind oflifestyle you dreamt of as a child – and possibly even yearn for as an adult.
Cometo New Orlean Square where the Pirates of the Caribbean willshiver yourtimbers, and ghosts an The Haunted Mansion will tickle your ribs1 the hotsounds of jazz and the delicious scentes of southern cooking waft by s youstroll through the French Quarter. Here you’ll find shops offering fineperfumes and one-of-a-king antiques, gourmet cookware, and fanciful hats. It’sall part of the atmosphere of New Orleans Square, a plase that’s as beautifulas a bayou night and as much fun as Mardi Gras!
Sailingby the twinkling lights of the famed Blue Bayou Restaurant, guests enter arealm of delightful danger on the Pirates of the Caribbean. You’ll voyage pastpirate plunder guarded by grinning skeletons, dodge cannnballs and escape froma town set ablaze by salty dogs. Watch out for merrybuccanners along the way!They’re always out to steal a laugh.
Greetsome folks who’ve been “dying to meeet you” – 999 unruly spirits in The HauntedMansion – a charming place fully equipped with hot-and-cold running thrills!Ghostly voices guide you through a doorless chamber past a ballroom full oftransparent dancers and into graveyards ringing with serenades from marblestatues. Fun? You bet your life it is!
Pioneer days live on in Frontierland! Beneaththe peaks of Big Thunder Mountain, banjo pickers, craftspeople, farm animals,and boatmen recreate the hardly atmosphere of the american wildernees andspirit of those who made it theie home.
Discovera cargo of history on the Rivers of America. Board authentic replicas of twoships: the Mark Twain Steamboat, a Mississippi sternwheeler, and theSailing Ship Columbia, the first American ship to travel the world.Guests can paddle a canoe, take a refeshing ride on the Mike Fink Keelboatsor raft over to Tom Sawyer Island for adventures just like Mark Twain's younghero enjoyed.
Catch therun-away fun on Big Thunder Mountain Railroad. Taking you racing through acollapsing mine, past rockslides, varmints, and wild western scenery. BigThunder Mountain Railroad is the most rip-roaring ride you've ever hollered,rooted and hooted through!
Tuckedinto a shady hollow below the slopes of Splash Mountain, Critter Countryinvites you to stay a spell. Enjoy the famouse Country Bear jamboree, where bigAll, Teddi Barra and the Bear Rugs put on a honey of a show! Or relax ascountry fiddlers, shops, and restaurants serve up god times adn good food.Critter Country is so downright friendly, it's easy to believe in the timewhen, as Uncle Remus says, “Critter were closer to thefolks, and the folks were closer to the critters!”.
BrerRabbit says everybody needsa laughin's place, and Splash Mountain, inspired byWalt Disney's film, Song of the South, is the perfect one! You'll glidepast hundreds of singing figures and dash over waterfalls and around curves.Then hang on, as you head straight for the briar patch in a zip-a-dee-doo-dah,five-story splash down!
SleepingBeauty Castle beckons you to Fantasyland – where every corner holds a bit ofthe magic of dreams come true. If Disneyland has a heart, it is surely here, inthis enchanted realm you'll recognize at once as the home of your favoritechildhood fantasies.
Thewhimsical headgear found at such shops as the Mad Hatter in Fantasyland havebecome a time-honored Disneyland tradition – and the perfect way to cap yourfun at the Park!
Themeticuljus craftmanship seen throughout Disneyland is well represent inFantasyland where the King Arthur Carrousel and Dumbo the Flying Elephant turnand glide in ornately carved and painted splendor. What could be more magicalthan letting a rose-bedecked steed carry you back to the elegance of yesterday?
Fantasylandis the home of the small,gentle, and whimsical. Take a smili-sized trip on theCasey Jr. Circus Train or voyage through Monstro's jaws into a miniature StorybookLand. You'll be enchanted by It's a Small World, where young goodwillambassadors singing a hopeful song, prove that little things make a big worldof magic.
Theenchanted of Walt Disney's animated film classics come to three-dimensionallife in Fantasyland. Here you'll meet a princess, get a bit of sare from theWicked Witch, whirl in a Mad Tea Party and experience an amusing trip throughWonderland with Alice. You may even rub elbows with one of the Seven Dwarfs!
Nervestingle as you race through ice caverns and careen down snowy slopes on theMatterhorn Mountain – the first of the “mountain”attractions created at disneyland. Towering above Fantasyland, the Matterhornoffers panoramic Park views – and even a peek at an Abominable Snowman! Thethrilling and chilling bobsled run twist and turns through the windsweptmountain, finally splashing down in an alpine lake.
Mickey’sToontown, onece the exclusive hideaway of Mickey Mouse and all his animatedfriends, is now a colorful, larger-than-life, interactive playground for you toexplore. You can minglewith your favorite cartoon character and visit theimaginative, three-dimensional cartoon dream homes of Mickey, Minnie, DonaldDuck, Goffy, and Chip’n Dale. This wacky community is loaded with surprises,too! You can bounce off the cushiony walls at Goofy’s Bounce House, get out ofcontrol at Car Toon Spin, take a wild ride on Gadget’s Go Coaster, talk tomanhole covers, dive into thousands of acorns, and thn board the Jolly Trolleyfor a merry jaunt around toontown.
High tech travel is the name of the game in Tomorrowlndwhere submarines and starships take you from the ocean depths to outerspace,and the Disneyland monorail carries you through a streamlined landscape. Visitsome famous places on Earth at circle-Vision or the galaxies on Spase Mountainand Star Tower where future frontiers are just a flight away.
Board theAtarspeeder 3000 for galactic gasps on Star Tower, based on George lucas'famedfilm trilogy. The pilot's rookie, but he'll get you past pounding Iceteroids,spaceship dogfights, and through the Death Star's chasms. And he'll do it withjust a slight blast to your nerves!
Watchout! You're surrounded by light, sound, and action in Captain EO, a 3-D musicalspectacular with dazzling photography and special effects. Michael Jacksoncaptains a hilarious crew who “bands” together to bringcolor and music to a dark planet. Captain EO brought together the legendarytalents of Michael Jackson, produser George Lucas and award-winningwriter-director Francis ford Coppola.
Comicthrill seekers flock to Space Mountain where the laws of gravity seem suspendedas you spiral through the stars. The futuristic structure overlooks The StarTrader and Starcade which offer out-of-this-world merchandise and fun!
WhenMickey used his imagination, the result is – FANTASMIC! Set on the Rivers ofAmerica, this thrilling spectacular combines Disney characters, music, dancers,and state-of-the-art illusions for the most elaborate presentation in thehistory of Walt Disney Theme Parks. Lasers, black lights, fireworks, and imageson huge mist screens bring a cavalcade of animated characters to life amidstcrashing waves and shooting star. A fantasy of Mickey’s vivid imagination – itis sure to capture yours!
Thesun sets, and in the soft dusk, lights bloom – twinkling along main Street,casting a futuristic glow over Space Mountain and shining on candelit tables inNew Orleans Square. soOn the “Main Street Electrical Parade” will transfix youwith thousands of tiny colored lights, and bouquets of fireworks will blossomover Sleeping Beauty Castle. Before your eyes, Disneyland reveals another sidetouched with unforgettable enchantment.
2.3.Six Flags Magic Mountain
The park's attractions include many noted roller coasters, includingnewcomers X and Deja Vu, as well as stand-bys inlcuding the hypercoasterGoliath; the classic wooden Colossus; the feet-dangling, hairpin-turn-filledBatman the Ride;
and the sheer speed of Superman the Escape.
Younger and shorter visitors can get their kicks at Bugs BunnyWorld. Along with the roller coaster, race cars and mini-prop planes, BugsBunny World features live music and stunt, water and interactive shows.
Cyclone Bay, toward the back of the park, showcases a rowof specialty shops. Don't miss Bayshore Candy, where you can watch fudge,caramel apples and other mouth-watering delights being made. Remember to wear walking shoes, because Magic Mountain is expansive and hilly.
Attractions: More than 100 rides, games andattractions, including four roller coasters listed in the«Guinness Book of World Records.» There are 15 rollercoasters, including the new X roller coaster.
Hours:From 10 a.m. daily April 1 through Sept. 10 and weekends andholidays the remainder of the year. Closing hours vary.
2.4. Universal Studios.
Whyjust watch the movies when you can live them at Universal Studios Hollywood –the world’s biggest and busiest television and motion picture studio themepark! Be a part of movie magic with an action-packed day of spine-tinglingrides, thrilling shows, explosive stunts, awesome spesial effects and amazingadventures! And the fun builds as the day goes on. Put yourself in thespotlight as you hang out with your favorite characters and step into thescenes of eour favorite movies. It’s the magic of hollywood…and everywhere youturn, you’ve the star!
JurassicPark — The Ride.Get ready to live the most spine-tinglingadventure in 65 million years when Jurassic Park – The Ride brings the biggestblockbustr ever thundering to life on the most spectaculer water ride of alltime. You’ll journey deep into the Jurassic Jungle aboard a runaway raft toface Spitters, Raptors and the ultimate terror – a towering T-Rex. Jurassic Park – The Ride.You’ll Wish It Was Just A Movie!
BackTo The Futer – The Ride.
Hang on! Doc Brown is sending you screaming through timeon the greatest ride in history! Blasting you back to the Dawn of Time for wildrun-ins with a 50-foot T-Rex, an Ice Age avalanche and a molten volcano! Thenrocketing you into Hill Valey 2015! Thrill to the 21-million jigowatt adventurethat’s like riding a flying roller coaster!
WaterWorld– A Live Sea War Spectacular.
Get ready for an ocean of thrills as WATERWORLD – A LiveSea War Spectacular, brings the blockbustermovie surging to life! Breath-takingaction, death-defying stunts and never-before-seen pyrotechnics will engulf youin a millions gallons of pure adrenalone!
WaterWorld – it blows every other stunt show out of thewater!
Fell the fury of 10,000 degrees of excitement asBACKDRAFT roads to life! You’ll step into a firestorm of blazing beams,exploding barrels, rocketing drums and more in this fie-alarm speciaieffectsthriller!
You’re in forr the shock of your life: a heart-pounding8.3 Earthquake that will have you on the edge of your seat, screaming for more!It’s a 10 on the fun scale!
Go face to face with King Kong, the greatest moviemonster in history! He’s 30 feet and 30,000 pounds of howling, growling terror,ready to take things into his own hands! Experience the ultimateKongfrontation!
Quick! Hop aboard a starbound bike. Fell hte wind onyour face as you race across galaxies on an adventure like none before. HelpE.T. save his planet, and when you do, E.T. will thank you personally.
The World Of Cinemagic!
You’ll be the star of the show as our special-effectsexperts take you behind the scenes for a first-hand look at movie magic. Learnthe triks of the trade and see the secrets of cutting-adge film technology.Join us as we take sound effects and visual wizardly from he sound stage to theSilvr Screen, right before your eyes ans ears! You’ll never watch movies thesame way again!
Then thril to the animal magnetism of superstars likeBeethoven, Lassie and Babe. It’s a special treat for kids, but people of allages will howl at the antics of our exclusive animal stars!
Get ready for anything and everything at Universal City!The excitement begins when you check into the luxurious Sheraton Universal orHilton hotel and Towers. Then, let the good times stroll at Universal CityWalkwith fabulous shops, one-of-a-kind restaurants and fantastic street performens.Choose a hit movie from 18 screens at Universal City Cinemas. Catch the hottestacts in show biz at the Universal Amphitheatre. Dine in “Merry Olde England” atVictoria Station. Have the greatest day and night of your life at UniversalStudios – it’s an entire vacation’s worth of entertainment in one totally funplace!
And in conclusion I wouldlike to summarize in a couple of simple sentences. As you can see, Californiaand specifically Los Angeles is something worth seeing and visiting. Andbelieve me it’s not only the weather and climate. It is truly a place ofadventure and fantasy, a sort of dreams come true. If you ever get a chance tovisit this glorious city try not to miss it. I am sure you will LOVE IT!!!
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2) Disneyland today,1996.
3)Reflections of LosAngeles, 1997.
4)Studio Guide, 1996.
5)Universal StudiosHollywood, 1997.