Реферат: 2 топика по английскому языку \english\


Newspapersand magazines play a very important part in our life. Practically there is nofamily that does not read them. We can learn many things from newspapers.Perhaps that is why many years ago an American humorous writer said: “All Iknow is what I see in the papers”; and another American author more than half acentury ago wrote that “the careful reader of a few good newspapers can learnmore in a year than most scientists do in their great libraries”.

We canagree or disagree with these statements (better to disagree, because scientificbooks and magazines have more information than newspapers), but we'll have tosay that newspapers help us in many ways. There are a lot of different kinds ofnewspapers in our country. One can buy them practically everywhere. It isimpossible to read all the newspapers and magazines. Everyone has favouriteones.

Myfavourite newspaper is “Komsomolskaya Pravda”. We can read almost abouteverything in this newspaper. There are articles dealing with home and abroadnews, sport events, life of favourite actors and singers and even the weather.We can find many interesting things there. We can read some useful pieces ofadvice, some stories about our life, and so on. There are puzzles, songs andeven anecdotes there. “Komsomolskaya Pravda” is one of the most interestingnewspapers, to my mind.


Myfavourite writer is Ernest Hemingway. He will al-ways be remembered as a writerof prose in which every word had meaning and where nothing was wasted. Hisstyle had, in fact, such a widespread effect on British and American literaturethat dozens of imitators appeared and today many novels are accused of being“pseudo-Hemingway”.

The sonof a small-town doctor, Hemingway was born in Illinois in 1898. He gained fromhis father an early love of fishing and shooting, interests which were tocolour his life and work. Hemingway was educated at schools in America andFrance. His father wanted him to be a doctor, but he became a newspaperreporter, and then served with the Italian Red Cross as an ambulance driver inWorld War 1.

Severelywounded in the fighting, Hemingway used this, as well as his boyhoodexperiences, as the material for his first books. In “A Farewell to Arms”, “ForWhome the Bell Tolls” and “The Old Man and the Sea” he wrote three classics of20th century literature.

“AFarewell to Arms” is a powerful anti-war story, but it remains a love-story,telling of the ill-fated romance between Frederic Henry, a young Americanserving as a volunteer in the Italian army, and Catherine Barkley, a Britishnurse. Frederic gradually decides to get out of the war and make a separatepeace. He and his wife manage to get to neutral Switzerland where they arehappy for a time. But the ending is tragic, for Catherine dies. This novelshows Hemingway's hatred of the world that “kills the very good and the verygentle and the very brave impartially”. It is very sad, but very interestingand very important. It is my favourite book.

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