Реферат: 2 Топика по иностранному языку \english\


We live on the earth.It is very, very big. There is a lot of water on the earth. It is in rivers,lakes, seas and oceans. There are a lot of forests and fields, hills andmountains on it. The earth is full of wonders. Different animals live on theearth. Different plants grow on it. The earth is beautiful.

  There are large countries and small countries. There are warm countries andcold countries. There are some countries where there are four seasons in a yearand some countries where there are only two.

  When the sun shines it is day. When the sun does not shine it is night. When itis day in one country it is night in another. You can see the moon and thestars in the sky at night. People live in different countries. They speakdifferent languages.

  Our country is one of the largest in the world. It is so large that when it ismorning in the east, it is evening in the west. People who live in our countryspeak more than two hundred different languages.

The English year

The are four seasonsin the year: spring, summer, autumn and winter. The winter months in GreatBritain are November, December, January and February. The winter months arecold. In Great Britain in winter it snows and rains.

  November,There 30 days in November. It is the first winter month in Britain. In Novemberthere is a great holiday in America — Thanksgiving Day. Families come togetherfor the day. They decorate the houses with autumn's fruts and flowers and eattraditional American food: roast turkey and pumpkin pie.

  December.There are 31 days in December. On the 25th of December there is the greatestholiday of all in England — Christmas or X-mas. People give each other presentsand send Christmas cards. Pupils have their Christmas holidays. Most of thebanks, offices and industrial enterprises close for holidays too. Thetraditional English dinner on Christmas Day is roast turkey and Christmaspudding. The Queen's speech is on television at 3.00 p.m. During Christmas inTrafalgar Square there is a Christmas tree.

   January.There 31 days in January. There is a lot of dancing, eating, and drinkingduring New Year Holidays.There is an interesting New Year tradition inScotland: you can go «first footing». It means you visit you friends,so you are «the first foot» of the New Year in their houses. TheScots believe that the First Foot brings luck to the family for the New Year.The First Foot must be a man ( or a boy ), not a woman! And he must have darkhair.
   February. There are twenty eight or twentynine days in February. The 14th of February is St. Valentine's Day. People buyor make Valentine cards and send them to their beloved. They don't sign theircards — you must guess who sent the card to you. Boys and girls, husbands andwives, relatives and friends send cards to each other. There are differentcards to suit all tastes.
   In Great Britain there are two spring months: Marchand April March. There are 31 days in March. In England spring begins inthe end of March. The 17th of March is a national holiday in Ireland — St.Patrick's Day. People send greeting cards. On that day people wear a shamrock.A shamrock is a plant with three leaves. It is the national emblem of Ireland.In March there is also a holiday for English women — Mother's Day. People inthe family try to make it a day off for Mother and help her in any way theycan. On that day they visit their mothers and give them some presents. If theycan't do it they send their mothers «A Mother's Day Card».

  April.April is the second and the last spring month. There 30 days in April. In Aprilor at the end of March people celebrate Easter Day. They celebrate it as thestart of spring or a religious festival. In England it is time to give and getpresents.On Easter Sunday children get chocolate Easter eggs or rabbits. TheEaster holidays are at the end of March and in the first half of April. Pupilsgo back to school after Easter. In April there is a day for fun -April Fool'sDay. It's on the first of April. English children like this day very much. Theyplay jokes and tricks on other people: other children, parents, friends,relatives, school teachers. «Oh, Ted, look, your right shoe is on yourleft foot!» When the boy looks at his feet and sees that he has got themall right, the one, who is playing the joke, says, «April Fool!» Sochildren play different jokes and tricks.

   May,June. July. August, In Great Britain summer begins in May. So there arefour summer months. The weather is usually warm, but not always. It is oftenchangeable. The days are long and the nights are short. When the sun is high inthe sky, it is hot. People wear light clothes — cotton shirts, jeans, skirts,T-shirts and light shoes. In May on the first Monday English people celebratethe May Day holiday. In June the English people celebrate Father's Day. On thatday children send cards and give presents to their fathers. On the 4th of Julythe Americans celebrate their most important holiday — the Independence Day.They display their flags, decorate their houses and hold street parades on thatday. If the weather is fine, there are a lot of people on the beaches in Julyand August.

 September. October.Autumn comes in September. Autumn is usually a niceseason in England. It is warm and dry. But it can rain a lot too. The summerholidays are over in September. The parks, beaches and streets of Britain arevery quiet. It is time to go back to school. In Great Britain school begins inthe second week of September. On the 31t of October there is a nice holiday forchildren — Halloween. People put pumpkins on the window-sills. They draw eyes,noses and mouths on the pumpkins and put candles into them. So the pumpkinlooks like a face. Children dress up in tunny clothes. Ihey go from house tohous

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