Реферат: Boucher, François
Boucher, François (1703-1770), French painter, noted for his pastoral andmythological scenes, whose work embodies the frivolity and sensuousness of therococo style.
Boucher,the son of a designer of lace, was born in Paris. He studied with the painterFrançois Le Moyne but was most influenced by the delicate style of hiscontemporary Antoine Watteau. In 1723 Boucher won the Prix de Rome; he studiedin Rome from 1727 to 1731. After his return to France, he created hundreds ofpaintings, decorative boudoir panels, tapestry designs, theater designs, andbook illustrations. He became a faculty member of the Royal Academy in 1734. Hedesigned for the Beauvais tapestry works and in 1755 became director of theGobelins tapestries. In 1765 he was made first painter to the king, director ofthe Royal Academy, and designer for the Royal Porcelain Works. His success wasencouraged by his patron, Marquise de Pompadour, mistress to Louis XV. Hepainted her portrait several times.
Boucher'sdelicate, lighthearted depictions of classical divinities and well-dressedFrench shepherdesses delighted the public, who considered him the mostfashionable painter of his day. Examples of his work are the paintings Triumphof Venus (1740, Nationalmuseum, Stockholm) and Nude Lying on aSofa (1752, Alte Pinakothek, Munich) and the tapestry series Lovesof the Gods (1744). Boucher's sentimental, facile style was too widelyimitated and fell out of favor during the rise of neoclassicism. He died inParis on May 30, 1770.
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