Реферат: Hiroshige, Ando
Hiroshige(1797-1858), Japanese painter and printmaker, known especially for hislandscape prints. The last great figure of the Ukiyo-e, or popular, school ofprintmaking, he transmuted everyday landscapes into intimate, lyrical scenesthat made him even more successful than his contemporary, Hokusai.
AndoHiroshige was born in Edo (now Tokyo) and at first, like his father, was a firewarden. The prints of Hokusai are said to have first kindled in him the desireto become an artist, and he entered the studio of Utagawa Toyohiro, a renownedpainter, as an apprentice. In 1812 Hiroshige took his teacher's name (a sign ofgraduation), signing his work Utagawa Hiroshige. His career falls roughly intothree periods. From 1811 to about 1830 he created prints of traditionalsubjects such as young women and actors. During the next 15 years he won fameas a landscape artist, reaching a peak of success and achievement in 1833 whenhis masterpiece, the print series Fifty-three Stations of the Tokaido(scenes on the highway connecting Edo and Kyoto), was published. He maintainedthis high level of craftmanship in other travel series, including CelebratedPlaces in Japan and Sixty-nine Stations on the Kiso Highway.The work he did during the third period, the last years of his life, issometimes of lesser quality, as he appears to have hurriedly met the demands ofpopularity. He died of cholera on October 12, 1858, in Edo.
WithHokusai, Hiroshige dominated the popular art of Japan in the first half of the19th century. His work was not as bold or innovative as that of the oldermaster, but he captured, in a poetic, gentle way that all could understand, theordinary person's experience of the Japanese landscape as well as the variedmoods of memorable places at different times. His total output was immense,some 5400 prints in all.
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