Реферат: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland issituated on two large islands called the British Isles. The larger island isGreat Britain, which consists of three parts: England, Scotland and Wales. Thesmaller island is Ireland and there are about five thousand small islands.
The country’s shores are washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the NorthSea and the Irish Sea. The English channel separate Great Britain from thecontinent.
The total area of the U.K. is 244.00 square kilometers with apopulation of 56 million. It is one of the most populated countries in theworld. The average density of population is very high: about 220 people persquare kilometer. The greater part of the population is urban. About 80 percentof people live in numerous towns and cities. More then seven million peoplelive in London area. Very often the inhabitants of The United Kingdom andNorthern Ireland are called English.
The surface of the British Isles varies very mach. There are manymountains in Scotland, Wales and northwest of England but they are not veryhigh. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain. The northern part ofScotland is mountainous and is called the Highlands. Scotland is also famousfor its beautiful lakes, which are called Lochs.
The mountains in G.B. are not very high. There are many rivers inG.B., but they are not very long. The Themes is the deepest, the longest andthe most important river in England.
The climate of G.B. is mild. It is not very cold in winter and hotin summer. The average temperature in January is about 5C above zero. Februaryis the coldest month in the year. The summers are cool and rainy. July is thewarmest month. There is much rain and flog in autumn and winter. October is therainiest month in the year.
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