Реферат: The conflicts of the modern world. A competitive societyDavid Guchua
Form 11 ‘A’
January 17, 1999
THE CONFLICTS OF THE MODERN WORLD.
A COMPETITIVE SOCIETY.
He, who commands the past,controls the future,
He,who controls the future, conquers the past.
<span Times New Roman",«serif»;font-weight:normal">In thiscomposition I would like to discuss the conflicts of the modern world and theconsequences of the competitive society. Being asked about this I usually startwith a competitive society. Because this is the thing we face in every day lifeand always ask one question ourselves: ’Why have we created the world full oftroubles and problems whereas we ourselves live in it?’ This sounds reallyparadoxical but it is true. For instance, the taxes in our country bring somany troubles to people who want to start their own business that they simplyhave to find ways not to pay them. Thousands of examples all over the world canbe given here but the idea is that, understanding all this, we do not try evento improve anything.
<span Times New Roman",«serif»;font-weight:normal">On the otherhand competitive life exists even at school where pupils are to participate ina so-called ‘racing game’ which is based on gaining better marks and results ineverything. This idea is not new that is why different people at differenttimes tried to solve this problem. The most famous is the of about socialequality. The idea of social equality is really silly, to my mind, becausethere will always be one who will think that he is better than the others andjust only due to this we will not ever get equality.
<span Times New Roman",«serif»;font-weight:normal">On thecontrary, if there is no competitive society there is no development. It is ofno use of aspiring to the best. Nothing but a competitive society made a man make a flight to space. Besides, there were alot of other discoveries, which improved the life and social conditions, whichhappened only due to competitive society.
<span Times New Roman",«serif»;mso-ansi-language:RU;font-weight: normal">I believe, that there exists only one solution. It is nesessary todevelop the competitive society<span Times New Roman",«serif»;font-weight: normal">limited with a strict law. Because we do not realize that thiscompetitive society reflects Darwin’s theory about survival but on a higherlevel. Moreover, we do not realize that the last level of such development is awar.
From my point of view, the problemof a war is the most urgent problem nowadays due to the invention of new hightechnological weapons and weapons of mass destruction. It is extremelyimportant to bear in mind that the only horrible thing, which will ever happen,is the third world war.
Warsare counterproductive and useless. A war has no explanation. But why do warsstart? According to history wars can start because of the territory division,problems of religion, envy, misunderstanding between diplomats. However, thereare many other reasons why a war starts. The main idea is that people do notusually understand the causes of war and do not understand its reasons becausepoliticians usually decide weather the war should start or not. But let us passover to the history of wars.
The main idea isthat the first thousand male human beings were ever gathered together, theybelonged to an army, and large-scale slaughter of people happened soonafterwards. Moreover, the first army carried such weapons as spears, knives,axes, perhaps bows and arrows and its strength did not lie in mere members butin discipline and organisation. In addition, drill is what transforms a mob ofindividual fighters into an army. Therefore, the basic forms of military drillare among the most unchanging elements of human civilisation. Though every mandied his own death, what happened was quite impersonal during the battle ofwell-drilled armies. The result is that thousands of men would die in half anhour, in an area not bigger than a couple of two football fields. Consequently,a question immediately comes to mind: ‘How could men do this?’ The reason isthat a formation of drilled men has a different psychology, which tends tooverpower the personal identity and fears of the individuals. In conclusion,people will kill if they find themselves in a situation where their ownsurvival is threatened and due to this anybody can be persuaded and manipulatedin this way.
But the war has changed through the ages in someways. First, the reasons of war somehow differ. Besides, the scale of wars haschanged. In addition the technology has greatly changed and plenty of newweapons have appeared. But war has not changed in one thing. It is suffering itbrings.
If you want my opinion then I am sure that I willnever fight in a war if I do not understand the reasons and aims of this war.The only thing I will fight for is my family. Maybe, you are surprised becauseI haven’t said ‘motherland’ but I will not fight for my motherland if I findit’s politically wrong or not suitable for me.
Besides, what really irritates me is that a lot ofimportant facts are neglected in our history books and, reading them, you getthe impression that the Second World War for instance was nothing but aset of dates and battles. This makes theyounger generation misunderstand the reality of warand understand it thoughtlessly.
Finally, let’s hope that there willnever ever happen any war and there will be the time when people willunderstand all the uselessness of war.